and Tourism World
is a coastal city in southeastern Florida, in the
United States. Miami is the county seat of Miami-Dade
County, the most populous county in Florida. With
an estimated population of 409,719 in 2007, Miami
is the largest city within the Miami metropolitan
area, which is the seventh-largest metro area in the
United States with over 5.4 million residents. The
Miami Urbanized Area (as defined by the Census Bureau)
was the fifth most populous urbanized area in the
U.S. in the 2000 census with a population of 4,919,036.
The United Nations estimated that in 2007, Miami had
become the fourth largest urbanized area in the United
States, behind New York City, Los Angeles, and Chicago.
Miami is recognized as a global city because of its
importance in finance, commerce, media, entertainment,
arts and international trade. The city is home to
many company headquarters, banks, and television studios.
It is an international center for popular entertainment
in television, music, fashion, film, and the performing
arts. The city's Port of Miami is known for accommodating
the largest volume of cruise ships in the world and
is home to many cruise line headquarters. Miami is
also home to the largest concentration of international
banks in the United States.
Since 2001, Miami has been undergoing a large building
boom with more than 50 skyscrapers rising over 400
feet (122 m) built or currently under construction
in the city. Miami's skyline ranks third in the U.S.,
behind New York City and Chicago, and 18th in the
world according to the Almanac of Architecture and
Design. The city currently has the seven tallest (as
well as twelve of the thirteen tallest) skyscrapers
in the state of Florida, with the tallest being the
789-foot (240 m) Four Seasons Hotel & Tower.
In 2008, Miami was ranked as "America's Cleanest
City" according to Forbes Magazine for its year-round
good air quality, vast green spaces, clean drinking
water, clean streets and city-wide recycling programs.
In 2008, Miami was also ranked the 3rd-richest city
in the United States and the world's 22nd-richest
city in a UBS study. (Credit:
is a state located in the southeastern region of the
United States, bordering Alabama to the northwest
and Georgia to the northeast. Much of the land mass
of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of
Mexico to the west and south, and the Atlantic Ocean
to the east. Most of Florida has a humid subtropical
climate; southern Florida has a tropical climate.
Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who
landed on the peninsula on April 2, 1513. Florida
is the fourth most populous state in the U.S.
research indicates that Florida had been inhabited
for thousands of years before any European settlements.
Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known
were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua
and the Tocobago tribes.
"Florida" is the oldest surviving European
place-name in the U.S. Juan Ponce de León,
conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery
of the land on the evening April 2, 1513, six days
after Easter and still during Pascua Florida, a Spanish
term for the "Flowery Easter" season, and
for the land's appearance as a "flowered land."
"It was named for these two reasons." (Juan
Ponce de León may not have been the first European
to reach Florida; according to one report, at least
one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida
in 1513 spoke Spanish.) From that date forward, the
land became known as "La Florida," although
after 1630 Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was
throughout the 1700s an alternate name of choice for
the Florida peninsula following publication of a map
by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes
de Laet's History of the New World.