Travel and Tourism Europe
de Monte Carlo, Monaco. The classic choice for
a lavish and legendary New Year's Eve celebration
is the Casino de Monte Carlo. It was designed by Charles
Garnier, the architect of the Paris Opera, and its
lobby features a marble-paved atrium with 28 Ionic
columns as well as lavish bronze and gold ornaments.
The casino features 316 slot machines and 35 tables
for Roulette, craps, and blackjack.
Carlo Millions slot game
Racing Free Form Guide
Travel and Tourism Europe
Carlo (French: Monte-Carlo, Occitan: Montcarles, Monégasque:
Monte-Carlu) is one of Monaco's administrative areas,
sometimes erroneously believed to be a town or the
country's capital. The official capital is Monaco-Ville
and covers all quarters of the territory. The old
town of Monaco-Ville surrounds the palace on the southwest
side of the Monaco harbour. To the west is the new
suburb, harbour, and marina of Fontvieille. On the
other side of the rock and around the harbour is La
Condamine and resort of Larvotto with is on the east.
Monte Carlo, which lies in the French Riviera on the
Mediterranean Sea in Monaco in the corner of France
and Italy is known internationally as a playground
for the rich and famous. It is widely known for its
casinos, gambling, glamour, luxurious yachts and for
sightings of wealthy businessmen and famous people.
The permanent population is about 3,000. Monte Carlo
quarter includes not only Monte Carlo proper where
the famous Le Grand Casino is located. It also includes
the neighborhoods of Saint-Michel, Saint-Roman/Tenao,
and the beach community of Larvotto. It borders the
French town of Beausoleil (formerly known as Monte-Carlo-Supérieur).
Carlo is home to most of the Circuit de Monaco, on
which the Formula One Monaco Grand Prix takes place.
It also hosts world championship boxing bouts, the
European Poker Tour Grand Final and the World Backgammon
Championship as well as fashion shows and other events.
Although the Monte Carlo Masters tennis tournament
is billed as taking place in the community, its actual
location is in the adjacent French commune of Roquebrune-Cap-Martin.
Monte Carlo has been visited by royalty as well as
the general public and movie stars for decades. The
Monte Carlo Rally is one of the longest running and
most respected car rallies, and marks the start of
each rally season as the first event on the World
Rally Championship calendar, but the rally takes place
outside the Monte Carlo quarter.
Monte Carlo is one of Europe's leading tourist resorts,
although many of the key tourist destinations are
located in other parts of Monaco, including such attractions
as Monaco Cathedral, the Napoleon Museum, the Oceanographic
Museum and aquarium, and the Prince's Palace, all
of which are located in Monaco-Ville.
Opéra de Monte-Carlo
The Opéra de Monte-Carlo or Salle Garnier was
built by the famous architect Charles Garnier as an
exact replica in miniature of the Paris Opera House.
The auditorium of the opera house is decorated in
red and gold and has frescoes and sculptures all around
the auditorium. The ceiling of the auditorium is covered
in high quality paintings. It was inaugurated on January
25, 1879 with a performance by Sarah Bernhardt dressed
as a nymph. The first opera performed there was Robert
Planquette's Le Chevalier Gaston on 8 February 1879,
and that was followed by three more in the first season.
With the influence of the first director, Jules Cohen
(who was instrumental in bringing Adelina Patti) and
the fortunate combination of Raoul Gunsbourg, the
new director from 1883, and Princess Alice, the opera-loving
American wife of Charles III's successor, Albert I,
the company was thrust onto the world's opera community
stage. Gunsbourg remained for sixty years overseeing
such premiere productions as Berlioz's La damnation
de Faust in 1893 and the first appearances in January
1894 of the heroic Italian tenor, Francesco Tamagno
in Verdi's Otello, the title role of which he had
created for the opera's premiere in Italy.
By the early years of the twentieth century, the Salle
Garnier was to see such great performers as Nellie
Melba and Enrico Caruso in La bohème and Rigoletto
(in 1902), and Feodor Chaliapin in the premiere of
Jules Massenet's Don Quichotte (1910). This production
formed part of a long association between the company
and Massenet and his operas, two of which were presented
Other famous twentieth-century singers to appear at
Monte Carlo included Titta Ruffo, Geraldine Farrar,
Mary Garden, Tito Schipa, Beniamino Gigli, Claudia
Muzio, Georges Thill and Lily Pons.
Apart from Massenet, composers whose works had their
first performances at Monte Carlo included: Saint-Saëns
(Hélène, 1904); Mascagni (Amica, 1905);
and Puccini (La rondine, 1917). Indeed, since its
inauguration, the theatre has hosted 45 world premiere
productions of operas. René Blum was retained
to found the Ballet de l'Opéra. The "Golden
Age" of the Salle Garnier is gone, as small companies
with small houses are not able to mount productions
that cost astronomical sums. Nonetheless, the present
day company still presents a season containing five
or six operas.
Hôtel de Paris was established in 1864 by Charles
III of Monaco adjacent to the casino. It is a prestigious
and luxurious palace style hotel in the heart of Monte
Carlo. It belongs to the Société des
Bains de Mer Monaco (SBM), It is part of the elite
Palace Grand Hotels in Monaco with the Hotel Hermitage,
the Monte-Carlo Beach Hotel on Monte-Carlo Bay Hotel
& Resort, the Metropole Hotel and Fairmont hotel.
The hotel has 187 rooms including 175 suites with
a panoramic view of the Mediterranean, Port of Monaco,
Rock of Monaco and Palace of Monaco for the most part.
to its lavish buildings and glamorous nature, Monte
Carlo has featured in numerous films and television
series. The 1930 American film Monte Carlo starring
Jack Buchanan and Jeanette MacDonald was set in Monte
Carlo. The casino featured in the James Bond films
Never Say Never Again (1983) and Goldeneye (1995)
which featured Pierce Brosnan going into the casino
with a red Ferrari outside in the car park. Monte
Carlo was even a location for the late 1960s British
London based series Randall and Hopkirk (Deceased)
where in the eleventh episode of the series, The Ghost
who Saved the Bank at Monte Carlo Mike Pratt, Kenneth
Cope and Annette Andre went to Monte Carlo to accompany
a highly talented elderly woman to gamble inside the
casino and layway a group of thugs (amongst them Brian
Blessed). In 1970 Chevrolet introduced a car called
the Chevrolet Monte Carlo which went through six generations
of production until 2007. (Credit:
Caves Into EU Pressure: Will Legalize Online Gambling
which has long been against legalized online gambling,
has finally conceded to European Union pressures.
The country announced Friday it's plans to open the
marketplace for external online gambling enterprises.
news is likely to help boost share prices in online
gambling firms come Monday," expressed Jagajeet
Chiba, Business writer for the Gambling911.com website.
"These companies are always looking to expand
in various markets and France is a lucrative one to
no use denying the reality of online gambling and
the expectations of French people," French Budget
Minister Éric Woerth said.
the measure represents the government acquiescing
to pressure from the European Union to introduce competition
in the sector, the gambling sector said the move does
not go far enough, according to a Financial Times
for a new online gambling bill are to be submitted
to cabinet by the end of March.
European Union has also been applying pressure on
the United States to open its market to outside i-Gaming
firms like William Hill and Ladbrokes.
will be required to provide measures that prevent
children from gambling online and control addiction.
The illegal online industry is worth around €7bn
($9bn) and comprises 25,000 sites, said Mr Woerth.
(French: IPA: [f??~s]), officially the French Republic
(French: République française, IPA:
[?epyblik f??~s?z]), is a country whose metropolitan
territory is located in Western Europe and that also
comprises various overseas islands and territories
located in other continents. Metropolitan France extends
from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel
and the North Sea, and from the Rhine to the Atlantic
Ocean. French people often refer to Metropolitan France
as L'Hexagone (The "Hexagon") because of
the geometric shape of its territory.
is bordered by Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland,
Italy, Monaco, Andorra, and Spain. In some of its
overseas departments, France also shares land borders
with Brazil, Suriname, and the Netherlands Antilles.
France is also linked to the United Kingdom via the
Channel Tunnel, which passes underneath the English
French Republic is a democracy that is organised as
a unitary semi-presidential republic. It is a developed
country with the sixth-largest economy in the world.
Its main ideals are expressed in the Declaration of
the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. France is one
of the founding members of the European Union, and
has the largest land area of all members. France is
also a founding member of the United Nations, and
a member of the Francophonie, the G8, and the Latin
Union. It is one of the five permanent members of
the United Nations Security Council wielding veto
power, and it is also an acknowledged nuclear power.
It is considered as one of the post World War II great
powers. France is the most popular international tourist
destination in the world, receiving over 75 million
foreign tourists annually.
name France originates from the Franks, a Germanic
tribe that occupied northern Europe after the fall
of the Western Roman Empire. More precisely, the region
around Paris, called Île-de-France, was the
original French royal demesne.
and history of the name
Name of France
The name France comes from Latin Francia, which literally
means "land of the Franks or Frankland".
There are various theories as to the origin of the
name of the Franks. One is that it is derived from
the Proto-Germanic word frankon which translates as
javelin or lance as the throwing axe of the Franks
was known as a francisca. Similarly, the Saxons are
named after a variety of single-edged knives called
proposed etymology is that in an ancient Germanic
language, Frank means free. However, rather than the
ethnic name of the Franks coming from the word frank,
it is more probable that the word is derived from
the ethnic name of the Franks, the connection being
that only the Franks, as the conquering class, had
the status of freemen. The Merovingian kings claimed
descent of their dynasty from the Sicambri, a Scythian
or Cimmerian tribe, asserting that this tribe had
changed their name to "Franks" in 11 BC,
following their defeat and relocation by Drusus, under
the leadership of a certain chieftain called Franko,
although they had actually come from present day Netherlands,
Lower Saxony, and possibly, ultimately Scandinavia.
In German, France is still called Frankreich, which
literally means "Realm of the Franks". In
order to distinguish from the Frankish Empire of Charlemagne,
Modern France is called Frankreich, while the Frankish
Realm is called Frankenreich.
word "Frank" had been loosely used from
the fall of Rome to the Middle Ages, yet from Hugh
Capet's coronation as "King of the Franks"
("Rex Francorum") it became used to strictly
refer to the Kingdom of Francia, which would become
France. The Capetian Kings were descended from the
Robertians, who had produced two Frankish kings, and
previously held the title of "Duke of the Franks"
("duces francorum"). This Frankish duchy
encompassed most of modern northern France but because
the royal power was sapped by regional princes the
term was then applied to the royal demesne as a shorthand.
It was finally the name adopted for all of the Kingdom
as central power was affirmed over the entire kingdom.
Contrast and diversity
France is known around the world as a diverse country
in its people, architectures and landscapes. About
56% of the French population claim to have foreign
background  , which makes France one of the most
diverse countries in Europe. Old and more recent immigrants
came to France from the five continents (Africa, Asia,
Australia, Europe and the Americas). China and the
United Kingdom contributed most of its immigrants
in 2005. France is also home of the highest point
in Europe (Mont-Blanc 4,810 m; 15,780 ft) and one
of the lowest points in Europe, Delta du Rhone, (-5
m; -15 ft). France is seventeen-times smaller than
Brazil and half the size of Ontario, which means that
one hour by plane or eight hours by car are enough
to cross the whole country from one extremity to the
other. Despite its size, France's landscapes are extremely
varied from one region to another, ranging from Paris
and its suburbs to high alpine territory to oceanfront
the one hand, France is highly densified with old
architecture such as the city of Paris or the Centre
of Troyes. The French Family Code is 200 years old
and has been written under Napoleon. On the other
hand, France is a highly developed country with an
extensive highway network (for example: France is
slightly bigger than California but its highway network
is more than twice as long), 32,000 kilometres (20,000
mi) of railways (SNCF), along with modern ski resorts
and gigantic malls. France is also the country with
the fastest average internet connection speed (ADSL
and more recently optical fibre in Paris), and in
2004, for the 3rd time in a row, the French healthcare
system has been ranked number one in the world by
the World Health Organisation.
History of France
The borders of modern France are approximately the
same as those of ancient Gaul, which was inhabited
by Celtic Gauls. Gaul was conquered for Rome by Julius
Caesar in the 1st century BC, and the Gauls eventually
adopted Roman speech (Latin, which evolved into the
French language) and Roman culture. Christianity took
root in the 2nd century and 3rd century AD, and became
so firmly established by the fourth and fifth centuries
that St. Jerome wrote that Gaul was the only region
free from heresy.
the 4th century AD, Gaul's eastern frontier along
the Rhine was overrun by Germanic tribes, principally
the Franks, from whom the ancient name of "Francie"
was derived. The modern name "France" derives
from the name of the feudal domain of the Capetian
Kings of France around Paris. The Franks were the
first tribe among the Germanic conquerors of Europe
after the fall of the Roman Empire to convert to Catholic
Christianity rather than heretical Arianism (their
King Clovis did so in 498); thus France obtained the
title "Eldest daughter of the Church" (La
Fille Ainée de l'Eglise), and the French would
adopt this as justification for calling themselves
"the Most Christian Kingdom of France".
as a separate entity began with the Treaty of Verdun
(843), with the division of Charlemagne's Carolingian
empire into East Francia, Middle Francia and Western
Francia. Western Francia approximated the area occupied
by modern France.
Carolingians ruled France until 987, when Hugh Capet,
Duke of France and Count of Paris, was crowned King
of France. His descendants, the Direct Capetians,
the House of Valois and the House of Bourbon, progressively
unified the country through a series of wars and dynastic
inheritance. The monarchy reached its height during
the 17th century and the reign of Louis XIV. At this
time France possessed the largest population in Europe
(see Demographics of France) and had tremendous influence
over European politics, economy, and culture. Towards
the end of this era, France played a major role in
the American Revolution by providing capital and some
military assets to the anti-British rebels. The decisive
French victory over Britain at the Battle of the Chesapeake
followed by the French-led Siege of Yorktown in 1781
ended the American Revolutionary War and allowed the
American independence over the British. (Wikipedia).
is a casino and gambling game named after the French
word meaning "small wheel". In the game,
players may choose to place bets on either a number,
a range of numbers, the color red or black, or whether
the number is odd or even. To determine the winning
number and color, a croupier spins a wheel in one
direction, then spins a ball in the opposite direction
around a tilted circular track running around the
circumference of the wheel. The ball eventually loses
momentum and falls on to the wheel and into one of
37 (in European roulette) or 38 (in American roulette)
colored and numbered pockets on the wheel.