Universe is an annual international female beauty
contest run by the Miss Universe Organization.
contest was founded in 1952 by California clothing
company Pacific Mills. The pageant became part of
Kayser-Roth and then Gulf and Western Industries,
before being acquired by Donald Trump in 1996.
with its rival Miss World and Miss Earth contests,
this pageant is one of the most publicised beauty
contests in the world.
winner of the "Miss America 1951" pageant,
Yolande Betbeze, refused to pose in a swimsuit from
its major sponsor, Catalina swimwear. As a result,
the brand's manufacturer Pacific Mills withdrew from
Miss America and set up the Miss USA and Miss Universe
contests. The first Miss Universe Pageant was held
in Long Beach, California in 1952. It was won by Armi
Kuusela from Finland, who gave up her title to get
married to a Filipino tycoon, Virgilio Hilario, shortly
before her year was complete. Until 1958 the Miss
Universe title (like Miss America) was post-dated,
so at the time Ms. Kuusela's title was Miss Universe
pageant was first televised in 1955. CBS began nationally
broadcasting the combined Miss USA and Miss Universe
pageants from 1960 and, separately, from 1965. In
2003 NBC took over the television rights.
main pageant was held consecutively in the continental
US from 1952 to 1971. Since then, the pageant has
been held in locales around the world.
the early years of the pageant, the ladies who made
the cut were announced after the preliminary competition.
From 1965 to the present day, the semi-finalists were
not announced until the night of the main event. The
semi-finalists once again competed in evening gown
and swimsuit and a top 5 were announced. An interview
portion was introduced in 1960 to decide the runners-up
1959 to 1964, there were slight format changes. In
1959 through 1963, there was no cut to 5 finalists;
the runners-up and winners were called from the assembled
15 semi-finalists. In 1964, the top 15 became a top
10, and after a round of interview, the winner and
runners-up were called from the 10 finalists.
1965, the pageant returned to the original format
of a cut to 5 finalists, and remained so until 1989.
1969, a final question was posed to the last five
contestants. The final question was an on-and-off
feature of the pageant. In 1990, it had taken root
and every pageant since, the final contestants have
to answer a final question.
1990, the pageant implemented major format changes
in the competition itself. Instead of five finalists,
the field was reduced from 10 semi-finalists to 6.
Each contestant then randomly select a judge and answer
the question posed by the judge. After that, the field
is narrowed down further to a final 3. In 1998, the
number of finalists was reduced to 5, although there
still was a cut to a final 3. This continued to 2001,
where the final 5 format was re-instated.
2000, the interview portion of the semi-finals was
quietly dropped and the contestants once again, as
in the early days of the pageant, competed only in
swimsuit and gowns.
2006, twenty semi-finalists were announced, with these
delegates competing in the swimsuit competition. The
number of competing delegates was then cut to ten,
with those delegates competing in the evening gown
competition. After that round of competition, the
final five was announced, with the finalists competing
in the "final question" or interview round.
At the end of competition the runners-up were announced
and the winner crowned by the outgoing queen.
2007 the format changed slightly with the top 15 moving
to the swimsuit competition; from there, 10 selected
contestants moved on to the evening gown competition
where half were eliminated. The final five answered
the final question to decide the ultimate winner.
The contest today
Miss Universe Organization, a New York-based partnership
between NBC and Donald Trump, has run the contest
since June 20, 2002. The current president is Paula
Shugart. The Organization sells television rights
to the pageant in other countries, and also produces
the Miss USA and Miss Teen USA contests with the winner
of Miss USA representing the USA in Miss Universe.
year, bids are received by the Miss Universe organizers
from organizations who wish to select the Miss Universe
contestant for a country. This allows competition
between different pageants to hold a country's license,
as happened for Miss Italy and Miss France for example,
when the licenses for their respective traditional
organizations were revoked (the usual Miss France
competition returned in 2004).
a country's candidate selection involves pageants
in major cities, with the winners competing in a national
pageant, but this does not always occur. For example,
in 2000 Australia's national pageant was abolished
as a relic of a bygone era, with Australian delegates
instead chosen by a modeling agency. Such "castings"
are generally discouraged by the Miss Universe Organization,
which prefers national pageants that preserve an aura
of respectability and competition. Despite being "cast",
Miss Australia, Jennifer Hawkins, was chosen as Miss
Universe 2004. Later that year, Australia resumed
its national pageant and chose Michelle Guy as Miss
Universe Australia 2005.
of the most successful national pageants in the last
decade have been Venezuela, USA, Puerto Rico, India,
South Africa, and etc which command consistently high
interest and television ratings in their respective
countries.Recent arrivals in the pageant include
China (2002), Albania (2002), Vietnam (2004), Georgia
(2004), Ethiopia (2004), Latvia (2005), Kazakhstan
(2006), and Tanzania (2007); there have also been
efforts to revive strong national pageants in Chile,
Uruguay, Argentina, Canada, and the Caribbean, among
are continually efforts to expand the pageant, but
the participation of some countries such as Indonesia
and Algeria has proven difficult due to cultural barriers
to the swimsuit competition, while others such as
Mozambique, Armenia and Nepal have baulked at sending
representatives due to the cost (in fact, of all the
major international pageants, the franchise fee for
Miss Universe is the most expensive). As of 2007,
only four countries have been present at every Miss
Universe since its inception in 1952: Canada, France,
Germany, and the United States. Many European countries
allow 17-year-old contestants to compete in their
pageants, while Miss Universe's minimum age is 18,
so national titleholders often have to be replaced
by their runners-up. Miss Universe also prohibits
transsexual applicants and age fabrication.
main Miss Universe Pageant, as of now, is held over
a two week period in May and July. In the 1970s through
the 1990s, the pageant was a month long. This allows
time for rehearsals, appearances and the preliminary
competition, with the winner being crowned by the
previous year's titleholder during the final competition.
to the organizers, the Miss Universe contest is more
than a beauty pageant: women aspiring to become Miss
Universe must be intelligent, well-mannered and cultured.
Often a candidate has lost because she did not have
a good answer during the question responses rounds;
although this section of competition has held less
importance during recent pageants than it did in the
twentieth century. Delegates also participate in swimsuit
and evening gown competitions.
the final placement of the finalists is determined
by a ranked vote, where each judge ranks each of the
final three/five candidates, with the contestant posting
the lowest cumulative score becoming the winner. If
there is a tie, which often happens when there are
even members of the jury, the higher semifinal scores
winner is assigned a one-year contract with the Miss
Universe Organization, going overseas to spread messages
about the control of diseases, peace, and public awareness
of AIDS. Since Donald Trump took over the pageant,
the winner has been given the use of a Trump Tower
apartment in New York City for use during her reign.
from the main winner and her runners-up, special awards
are also awarded to the winners of the best National
Costume, Miss Photogenic, and Miss Congeniality. Miss
Congeniality is chosen by the delegates themselves.
In recent years, Miss Photogenic has been chosen by
popular internet vote (the winner used to be chosen
by media personnel covering the event).
competition for the Miss Universe title has seen many
changes, although there have been several constants
throughout its history. All the contestants compete
in a preliminary round of judging (nowadays called
the "Presentation Show") where the field
is narrowed to a select number of semi-finalists.
This number has fluctuated over the years. The very
first Miss Universe pageant had ten semi-finalists.
The next two years, the number of semi-finalists grew
to 16. In 1955, the number dropped to a stable 15,
which remained through 1970. In 1971, the number was
reduced to 12. That number was further reduced to
a mere 10 in 1984. This lasted until 2003, when the
number of 15 was re-instated. In 2006, there were
20 semi-finalists, the highest number ever. In 2007,
the Organization announced the Top 15 system will
the early years, the contestants were judged in swimsuit
and evening gown only. In later years, the contestants
also competed in a preliminary interview round in
a one-on-one meeting with each individual judge.
2007, 77 contestants started the competition; the
top 15 moving to the swimsuit competition. From there,
10 were selected for the evening gown competition
which halved the contenders to 5. These final five
then answered a final question to decide the winner.
Miss Universe crown was designed by Mikimoto, the
official jewellery sponsor of the Miss Universe Organization],
and depicts the phoenix rising, signifying status,
power and beauty. The crown has 500 diamonds of almost
30 carats (3.6 g), 120 South Sea and Akoya pearls,
ranging in size from 3 to 18mm diameter and is valued
at $250,000. The Crown was designed specifically for
the pageant on Mikimoto Pearl Island in Japan with
the Mikimoto crown and tiara being first used for
Miss Universe 2002.
Miss Universe 2007
Miss Universe 2007
2007 Miss Universe Pageant was held at the National
Auditorium in Mexico City, Mexico with peripheral
events taking place in the cities of Cancún,
the Mayan Riviera and Chiapas. Although initial expectations
were that ninety delegates would participate, only
77 candidates competed for the title with Miss Sweden
withdrawing amongst complaints in her home country
that the contest degrades women. Protesters in Mexico
wore white dresses splashed with fake blood and sashes
proclaiming Miss Juarez, Miss Atenco and Miss Michoacan
alluding to places in Mexico made infamous by killings
or sexual abuse of women.
winner of Miss Universe 2007 was Riyo Mori crowned
by the previous year's winner, Zuleyka Rivera of Puerto
Rico. Ningning Zhang from China, aged 20, won the
Miss Congeniality award, while Anna Theresa Licaros,
aged 22, from the Philippines, was chosen as Miss
2008 Miss Universe Pageant will be held in Nha Trang,
the capital of Khanh Hoa Province in Vietnam. Nha
Trang is famous for its beautiful beaches and seaside
resorts such as Vinpearl.
* Electronic voting was introduced to television viewers
in 1978 when the pageant was held in Acapulco, Mexico:
for the first time in a televised pageant, the audience
got to see how the judges voted. The pageant still
uses a computer voting system. There is a team of
three people who install, maintain, and operate the
voting system. They sit somewhere in the audience
area with a view of the stage, usually just in front
of the accountants. They are listed in credits as
“Computer Score Operators”. The same system
is used for Miss Teen USA, Miss USA, and Miss Universe.
For the full list of venues, see List of Miss Universe
winners and venues.
* The USA hosted the early years of the pageant (1952-1971).
o During this period, 4 delegates were crowned Miss
Universe on home turf:
+ 1954 and 1956 in Long Beach, California.
+ 1960 and 1967 in Miami Beach, Florida.
o After this period, another Miss Universe winner
was crowned on home turf:
+ Miss Universe 1997 Brook Lee in Miami Beach, Florida
* In 1972, the Miss Universe Pageant was held outside
the continental US for the first time, taking place
in Dorado, Puerto Rico.
* Outside the continental US, Mexico has hosted the
most Miss Universe pageants, with four. The various
o Mexico: Acapulco (1978), Cancún (1989), Mexico
City (1993) and (2007)
* Apart from the United States and Mexico, the other
territory/states to host the pageant more than once
o Puerto Rico: Dorado (1972), Bayamon (2001), San
o Manila, Philippines (1974 & 1994)
o Panama City, Panama (1986 & 2003)
o Bangkok, Thailand (1992 & 2005)
List of Miss Universe countries
* The United States has performed the best throughout
the pageant's entire history, with seven winners,
eight first runners-up, six second runners-up, one
third runner-up, five fourth runners-up, six finalists,
and seventeen semi-finalists. Miss USA has missed
the semi-finals only three times: 1976 (Barbara Peterson),
1999 (Kimberly Pressler), and 2002 (Shauntay Hinton).
In 1957, Leona Gage of Maryland was disqualified from
the semi-finals after it was revealed that she was
married and a mother.
* After the USA, Venezuela is the next most successful
nation in terms of overall placements in the semi-finals
(34), it is followed in turn by Brazil (29), Sweden
(28), Colombia (27), Germany (21), Israel (20), England
and India (both 19), Finland and Greece (both 18),
Norway and Japan (both 17), Peru, South Africa, Canada,
and Puerto Rico (16 each). Of these countries, only
England has yet to win the contest.
* The United States has been the most successful state
to compete in Miss Universe in the 1950s, 1970s, 1980s,
and 1990s. In the 1960s, Finland was the most successful
nation, and Puerto Rico has been most successful in
* The nations that have competed every single year
of competition (from 1952 to date) are France, Germany,
USA, and Canada. Sweden lost this distinction when
it failed to send a contestant in 2005. Israel missed
the pageant in 1953, while Greece was absent in 1988
(its delegate withdrew because of illness).
* Before becoming states in 1959, Alaska and Hawaii
both sent delegates to the pageant during the 1950s.
In fact, Miss Hawaii was 1st runner-up in 1952 and
2nd runner-up in 1958 (before winning Miss Universe
as Miss USA in 1997), while Miss Alaska reached the
semi-finals in 1957.
* After the USA, Venezuela ranked second in terms
of consecutive placements in the semi-finals: 21 years,
from 1983 to 2003, nearly beating the United States'
22-year streak between 1977-1998. While Alicia Machado
has been the only Venezuelan Miss Universe in the
last decade, of the nine following pageants, four
have seen Venezuela's representative place first runner-up
(1997, 1998, 2000, and 2003).
* Other than the USA and Venezuela, the countries
that have made the semi-finals the most in a row are
India (who in recent years has emerged as a pageant
powerhouse) with 11 (1992-2002) consecutive placements;
Germany with ten (1952 to 1961); and Finland with
* Colombia had three first-runner up placements in
a row (1992-1994) a streak that has been unparalleled
in competition history.
* Finland has had the most consecutive runners-up.
For five years, from 1965 to 1969, its delegates placed
among the five finalists without interruption (1965:
Virpi Miettinen, first runner-up, 1966: Satu Ostring,
first runner-up, 1967: Ritva Lehto, third runner-up,
1968: Leena Brusiin, second runner-up, and 1969: Harriet
Eriksson, first runner-up).
* Puerto Rico has had at least 1 winner in each of
the last 4 decades, the only state/territory to accomplish
this feat: Marisol Malaret in the 70s (1970), Deborah
Carthy-Deu in the 80s (1985), Dayanara Torres in the
90s (1993), and Denise Quiñones (2001) &
Zuleyka Rivera (2006) in the 2000s.
* Miss Universe 1957, Gladys Zender from Peru was
the youngest Miss Universe in history. She was 17
when she won the title.
* The very first Miss Universe (from Finland), the
very first Miss Asia (from Taiwan) and the very first
Miss International (from Colombia) all married Filipinos.
* On three occasions, contestants that did not place
in Miss World: Georgina Rizk, Angela Visser, and Mpule
Kwelagobe, won Miss Universe. However, no contestant
who failed to place at Miss Universe has ever gone
on to win Miss World.
* Eight Miss Universe delegates placed as runner-up
or semi-finalist in that pageant and later won the
Miss World title. They were: Carmen Susana Duijim
Zubillaga - semi-finalist, Venezuela 1955; Corinne
Rottschafer - semi-finalist, Holland 1958; Rosemarie
Frankland - First Runner-up, Wales 1961; Madeleine
Hartog Bell - semi-finalist, Peru 1966; Eva Von Rueber-Staier
- semi-finalist, Austria 1969; Helen Morgan - first
runner-up, Wales 1974 (dethroned); Gina Ann Casandra
Swainson - First Runner-up, Bermuda 1979 and Agbani
Darego - semi-finalist, Nigeria 2001.
* At 64 inches (1.63 m) tall, Miss Thailand 1965,
Apasra Hongsakula is the shortest Miss Universe ever
* In 1957, Miss USA Mary Leona Gage was disqualified
for being married, though she had qualified for the
semi-finals. She was replaced by Miss Argentina.
* Amparo Muñoz of Spain, Miss Universe 1974,
was dethroned shortly before her reign ended and did
not crown her successor, but she was not formally
replaced. Amparo's runner-up, Helen Morgan of Wales,
went on to represent the United Kingdom in the Miss
World pageant later that same year. She won, only
to resign a few days later when she was revealed to
be an unwed mother.
* Irene Sáez, Miss Universe 1981, ran for President
of Venezuela in 1998 (losing to Hugo Chávez),
after having been elected mayor of Chacao in 1992
and governor of Margarita Island in 1999 .
* Trinidad & Tobago's Janelle Commissiong became
the first woman of black descent to be crowned Miss
Universe, in 1977 in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
The first black African to win Miss Universe of was
Mpule Kwelagobe, of Botswana, crowned in 1999 at Chaguaramas,
Trinidad & Tobago.
* Only once have black women won Miss Universe in
succession. Wendy Fitzwilliam of Trinidad & Tobago
won the title in 1998, followed by Mpule Kwelagobe
of Botswana in 1999.
* Andrea Stelzer was Miss South Africa in 1985, but
pulled out of Miss Universe because of anti-apartheid
demonstrations. She competed in 1989 as Miss Germany,
and was a top 10 semi-finalist.
* Miss Lebanon 2001, Christina Sawaya, pulled out
of the 2002 Miss Universe competition because of the
participation of Miss Israel. She went on to win the
rival Miss International competition in the same year.
* 2002's winner, Oxana Fedorova of Russia, became
the first Miss Universe who officially did not finish
her reign, making first runner-up Justine Pasek the
first Panamanian to hold the title. Fedorova was crowned
in Puerto Rico in mid-May, and was replaced by Pasek
in late September. It is unclear whether Fedorova
was fired for failure to perform her duties (the official
version), or chose to resign because she had not expected
the heavy workload.
* The strong rivalry between Puerto Rico and Venezuela
is so well-known in Latin-American popular culture,
that their struggle has been immortalized in several
Spanish-language television commercials in the United
States for such companies as MasterCard and Budweiser.
In the latter, former Miss Universe winners Dayanara
Torres of Puerto Rico and Alicia Machado of Venezuela
cause mayhem in a sports bar as they compete to win
the admiration of the men present.
* A new trend of delegates representing countries
they were not born in has developed. Miss Universe
2002 Justine Pasek was born in Kharkiv Ukraine, where
her Panamanian mother was completing her University
studies. Miss Israel 2005, Elena Ralph was also born
in Ukraine and moved to Israel when she was 18 years
old. The most famous country-swapper was probably
Natascha Borger. After placing 12th in the 2000 Venezuelan
pageant she moved to Germany where she easily won
the crown of Miss Deutschland. Other notable contestants
who represent countries other than their birth place
include the Miss Universe Canada and Miss Universe
2005 Natalie Glebova who is Russian by birth, Miss
Universe Canada 2006 Alice Panikian who is Bulgarian
by birth, Miss Germany Universe 2006 Natalie Ackermann
who is Colombian by birth, and Venezuelan born Francis
Barraza Sudnicka representing Poland. Such is also
reflected in the growing number of delegates from
different parts of the world being sent to a third
country (almost always Latin American) for further
training before going on to the host country and compete
in the pageant proper.
* In 1999, Botswana sent Mpule Kwelagobe as its first
ever delegate to the pageant and she won.
* In 2007 Jamaica sent the first ever Rastafari contestant.
* In 2007, Riyo Mori of Japan was crowned in Mexico
City, Mexico in another controversial competition.
All ten finalists were brunettes. When Miss Mexico
failed to make the final cut, the crowd loudly booed
Miss USA who did pass despite falling over in the
evening gown competition. Interestingly, two delegates
who fell wearing their evening gowns advanced to the
final question round. They were Miriam Quiambao, Miss
Philippines 1999 who tripped and gracefully recovered
during the preliminaries; and Rachel Smith, Miss USA
2007 who slipped during the evening gown competition.
Quiambao managed to place as first runner-up while
Smith ended up as 4th runner-up.
* Natalie Glebova of Canada, Miss Universe 2005 reigned
for the longest period in Miss Universe history: one
year and two months from the time she was crowned
on May 31, 2005 in Bangkok, Thailand.
* There are only ten winners from Asia. Most of these
winners represented four countries from East and Southeast
Asia, each country having two titleholders each. They
are Akiko Kojima and Riyo Mori of Japan in 1959 and
2007, Gloria Diaz and Margarita Moran of the Philippines
in 1969 and 1973 respectively, Apasra Hongsakula and
Porntip Nakhirunkanok of Thailand in 1965 and 1988,
and Sushmita Sen and Lara Dutta of India in 1994 and
2000. The two other winners were from Western Asia,
Georgina Rizk of Lebanon in 1971 and Rina Messinger
of Israel in 1976.
* Eleven contestants of Asian descent have won the
pageant: Akiko Kojima and Riyo Mori of Japan in 1959
and 2007, Apasra Hongsakula and Porntip Nakhirunkanok
of Thailand in 1965 and 1988, Gloria Diaz and Margarita
Moran of the Philippines in 1969 and 1973, Georgina
Rizk of Lebanon in 1971, Rina Messinger of Israel
in 1976, Sushmita Sen and Lara Dutta of India in 1994
and 2000, and Brook Mahaelani Lee from the state of
Hawaii in 1997.
* In April 2006, a reunion of former titleholders
took place in New York City to celebrate the launch
of the book "Universal Beauty" by Cara Birnbaum.
The reunion included Sylvia Hitchcock (1967, USA);
Margaret Gardiner (1978, South Africa); Yvonne Ryding
(1984, Sweden); Deborah Carthy-Deu (1985, Puerto Rico);
Barbara Palacios Teyde (1986, Venezuela); Porntip
Nakhirunkanok (1988, Thailand); Mona Grudt (1990,
Norway); Lupita Jones (1991, Mexico); Michelle McLean
(1992, Namibia); Brook Lee (1997, USA); Wendy Fitzwilliam
(1998, Trinidad & Tobago); Denise Quiñones
(2001, Puerto Rico); Justine Pasek (2002, Panama);
Amelia Vega (2003, Dominican Republic) and Natalie
* Miss Universe 2000, Lara Dutta's (India) finalist
interview was the highest individual score in any
category in the history of the Miss Universe contest,
as her perfect interview saw a majority of the judges
giving her the maximum 9.99 mark. It was the last
year such scores were televised until 2007.
* Highest Televised Scores in the Semi-Finals:
Swimsuit competition - 9.88 by Oxana Fedorova of Russia
Interview competition - 9.843 by Milka Chulina of
Venezuela in 1993.
Evening Gown competition - 9.897 by Carolina Gomez
Correa of Colombia in 1994.
* The largest gap in between winning Miss Universe
(at present) is from Japan, wherein Akiko Kojima won
the title in 1959, and 48 years later, Riyo Mori became
the second recipient afterwards. The shortest gap
is only two years later (by this day, no country has
won twice in a row): USA (won in 1954 and 1956; then
in 1995 and 1997) and Venezuela (won in 1979 and 1981).
Curiously, between the Venezuelan triumphs of 1979
and 1981, the winner was from the USA, and between
the two from USA (1995 and 1997) the winner was from
* The largest interval between a nation winning Miss
Universe (at present) is Japan; Akiko Kojima won the
title in 1959 and, 48 years later, Riyo Mori became
the second recipient from Japan. The shortest gap
is two years; USA won in 1954 and 1956, then in 1995
and 1997 and Venezuela won in 1979 and 1981. Curiously,
between the Venezuelan triumphs of 1979 and 1981,
the winner was from the USA, and between the two USA
wins in 1995 and 1997, the winner was from Venezuela.
Further information: Miss Universe Special Awards
* The Philippines has won the Miss Photogenic award
seven times (including a back-to-back and a three-peat),
followed by England and Puerto Rico, both with five.
Puerto Rico won its five awards during a six-year
period (1999-2004, did not win in 2000).
* Colombia has won the Best National Costume Award
* Guam has won the Miss Congeniality award four times.
* No Miss Congeniality has ever gone on to win Miss
Universe. The closest was Miss El Salvador 1955, who
was 1st runner-up.
* The only Miss Universe to win 3 other awards on
pageant night was Denise Quiñones (Miss Puerto
Rico), who in 2001 also won Miss Photogenic, Bluepoint
Swimsuit Award, and Clairol Best Style Award.
* Four Miss Universe winners were awarded Miss Photogenic:
Margareta Arvidsson (Sweden, 1966), Margarita Moran
(Philippines, 1973), Janelle Commissiong (Trinidad/Tobago,
1977) and Denise Quiñones (Puerto Rico, 2001)
* Three titleholders have also won Best National Costume:
Porntip Nakhirunkanok (Thailand, 1988), Wendy Fitzwilliams
(Trinidad/Tobago, 1998) and Amelia Vega (Dominican
The Miss Universe Creed
1960 to 1990, the Miss Universe Creed was read at
the young women of the universe, believe people everywhere
are seeking peace, tolerance and mutual understanding.
We pledge to spread this message in every way we can,
wherever we go."
* Aarmi Kuusela of Finland was crowned as the first
Miss Universe in 1952. She was also the first Miss
Universe and the first international beauty queen
to resign to marry her Filipino boyfriend but the
organization had no rule that states if the winner
will resign, the title will be offered to the first
runner-up. She remains the official Miss Universe
* Miss Universe 1974 Amparo Munoz of Spain resigned
to marry her Filipino boyfriend but the title was
not offered to the first runner-up. The first runner-up
was Helen Morgan of the United Kingdom who was also
fired after revealing that she was a single mother.
* In 1993, Miss USA Kenya Moore was booed by the Mexicans
during the pageant held in Mexico. Fourteen years
later, Rachel Smith of USA was booed once again by
the Mexicans, during the pageant night and the national
costume parade days before.
* Miss Universe 1996, Alicia Machado of Venezuela,
was nearly fired by the organization because of her
weight. She exceeded the weight required during her
reign but the requirement was not implemented. (Credit:
Man Australia does not represent the Miss Universe