Gaming Talk Heats Up With Native American Tribes,
by Greg Tingle - 19th November 2011
American tribes advised Thursday they want their cut
of the jobs and revenue if online gambling is allowed
in the United States but they don't want to lose their
sovereignty to get it.
gambling has been prohibited in the U.S. since 2006,
which has seen players and their cash go to to websites
and internet portals based offshore. With Congress
searching for money to cut the deficit and create
new jobs, supporters see an opening for legalizing
at least some online gambling opportunities.
Congress act, the federal government will have to
write rules and will likely collect taxes from proceeds.
Native American tribes want the federal government
to ensure they are allowed to operate, regulate, tax
and license online gambling as well, if they choose
to get in on the business.
there is no legislation before the committee right
now, one thing we are all aware of is the need for
additional resources at the federal level," said
Hawaii Sen. Daniel Akaka, chairman of the Senate Indian
Affairs Committee, which held a hearing Thursday to
air tribes' concerns on the issue. "The discussions
surrounding potential Internet gaming legislation
have only increased as Congress looks to the supercommittee
to find revenue sources and Congress looks to create
supercommittee Akaka referred to is a bipartisan committee
of 12 lawmakers created this summer to find a plan
to reduce government borrowing by least $1.2 trillion
over the next decade. The committee is stalled in
part over whether to raise new revenue.
House Energy and Commerce subcommittee planned to
hold its second hearing Friday on Internet gambling.
There is bipartisan support for at least some Internet
gambling. Rep. Barney Frank, D-Mass., has pushed for
its legalization for years.
there is no Internet gambling bill before the Senate
committee, there is legislation in the House, though
it already has opposition from tribal leaders.
Stevens, chairman of the National Indian Gaming Commission,
said tribes have united behind some core principles,
including no taxation of tribal revenues. Current
Internet gambling proposals violate those principles,
"and we oppose their passage," Stevens said.
such measure, sponsored by Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas,
would legalize online poker. Spokesman Sean Brown
said the legislation would allow tribes, like states,
to opt out of allowing Internet gambling if they chose.
at Thursday's hearing expressed concern about proposals
to allow the Department of Commerce to regulate operators
of Internet games. Tribal leaders are calling for
the National Indian Gaming Commission to continue
to regulate their businesses.
commission reported that last year, 236 tribes operated
422 gambling facilities in 28 states, generating $27
billion in revenue, evidence that the commission has
the expertise to regulate tribal Internet gambling
and won't have to start from scratch, learning laws
particular to tribes as well as cultural considerations,
witnesses at the hearing said.
all tribes support Internet gambling. Some see it
as a potential competitor to their established brick-and-mortar
Tulalip tribe sees the legalization of Internet gambling
as a direct threat to the economic growth in Indian
Country," said Glen Gobin, vice chairman of the
Tulalip Tribes of Tulalip, West Virginia.
you think tribes are going to be able to compete with
someone like Harrah's on Internet gaming?" Gobin
U.S gaming companies including land based casinos
are now starting to adopt online gaming into their
business model, with MGM Resorts International recently
teaming up with Bwin.Party Digital Entertainment (which
owns and operates PartyCasino.com
widely believed that the U.S will see legal online
gambling up and running soon, but then again, that's
been the world for years, so for much of the gaming
industry, they will believe it when they see it.
the meantime entities such as Global
Gaming Directory, Casino
News Media and a host of entertainment and gaming
website portals should consider to do a healthy trade.
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indigenous peoples of the Americas are the pre-Columbian
inhabitants of the Americas, their descendants, and
many ethnic groups who identify with those peoples.
They are often also referred to as Native Americans,
First Nations and by Christopher Columbus' historical
mistake "Indians", modernly disambiguated
as "American Indians", "Amerindians"
to the still debated New World migration model, a
migration of humans from Eurasia to the Americas took
place via Beringia, a land bridge which formerly connected
the two continents across what is now the Bering Strait.
The minimum time depth by which this migration had
taken place is confirmed at c. 12,000 years ago, with
the upper bound (or earliest period) remaining a matter
of some unresolved contention. These early Paleoamericans
soon spread throughout the Americas, diversifying
into many hundreds of culturally distinct nations
and tribes. According to the oral histories of many
of the indigenous peoples of the Americas, they have
been living there since their genesis, described by
a wide range of traditional creation accounts.
of the term "Indian" originated with Christopher
Columbus, who thought that he had arrived in the East
Indies, while seeking India. This has served to imagine
a kind of racial or cultural unity for the aboriginal
peoples of the Americas. Once created, the unified
"Indian" was codified in law, religion,
and politics. The unitary idea of "Indians"
was not originally shared by indigenous peoples, but
many now embrace the identity.
some indigenous peoples of the Americas were historically
hunter-gatherers, many practiced aquaculture and agriculture.
The impact of their agricultural endowment to the
world is a testament to their time and work in reshaping,
taming, and cultivating the flora indigenous to the
Americas. Some societies depended heavily on agriculture
while others practiced a mix of farming, hunting,
and gathering. In some regions the indigenous peoples
created monumental architecture, large-scale organized
cities, chiefdoms, states, and massive empires. (Credit:
Mohawk Gaming Group
Chief Little Wolf
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and Indigenous Media Directory