Festial, Sydney, Australia
Of Sydney NSW
Duck, Darling Harbour - Sydney Festival 2013
Festival: Snow on Mars, by Greg Tingle - 6th January
the Sydney Festival has started (well at least for
journalists, photographers and media types).
inquisitive and ambitious twelve year-old Waylon wants
to be the first man on Mars and hes shooting
for the stars. But with his family constantly moving
around hes falling further behind in his schoolwork,
and becoming a NASA astronaut like his hero Andy Thomas
seems...well - as likely as finding snow on Mars.
by with a little help from his family and friends,
Waylon discovers that although dreams can be difficult
to reach there can be tons of fun and excitement in
trying to achieve them. Oh, there is snow on Mars!,
at least in this production.
on Wars was conceived and designed by Kim Carpenter
and written by Richard Tulloch. Snow on Mars is an
inspiring adventure that blasts off with aerial performers,
actors, music and songs, making it perfect for audiences
of all ages.
show goes for approximately 15 minutes and parking
and public transport is nearby, with the venue just
being off to the side of City Rd and Cleveland Streets,
production and special thanks to: The University Of
Sydney, City Of Sydney, Kim Carpenter's Theater Of
Image - Sydney Theatre For Families, and Emma Collison
Publicity and Icon Images
York Theater - Seymore Theatre Centre
January 7th to 16th January 2011
4 out of 5 stars (just don't expect Star Wars of War
Of The Worlds, and you will leave a happy little space
by Eva Rinaldi Photography
Festival - Snow On Mars http://www.sydneyfestival.org.au/2011/Family/Snow-on-Mars
Statue Bodyart - photography http://www.humanstatuebodyart.com.au/photography
Rinaldi Photography http://www.evarinaldi.com
Man Int http://www.mediamanint.com
Sydney Festival's US flavour - 4th January 2010
heavyweight John Malkovich, country crooner Emmylou
Harris and hip hop act Arrested Development will all
help lend the 2011 Sydney Festival a distinctly American
flavour as the annual cultural celebrations kick off
on this weekend.
January festival, which is in its 34th year, will
begin in style on Saturday with the Festival First
Night - an evening of free events in which Sydney
will be transformed into an "epic theatre of
music, drama and grand illusion".
country singer Emmylou Harris is scheduled to give
her first Australian performance in more than a decade,
and US hip hop act Arrested Development are also set
to impress first night audiences.
Story continues below
Later in the month, actor John Malkovich's appearance
on stage at the Sydney Opera House is sure to become
one of the headline events of the festival's calendar.
joint production with the Sydney Symphony, Malkovich
will play the "master scoundrel of seduction"
Giacomo Casanova in The Giacomo Variations.
director Lindy Hume has promised the festival will
be "bold, whimsical and slightly eccentric",
much like the city which houses it.
big colourful bursts of existential angst and crazy,
abandoned love," said Hume, who is directing
the festival for the second year.
2011 festival program celebrates the role of stories
and storytelling in contemporary society.
than a million people are expected to be attracted
to the harbour city to attend the event, which runs
from January 8 to 30.
of shows will be performed on stages, buildings and
balconies across the city, including a Paul Kelly
show, Offspring star Eddie Perfect's new musical comedy
Misanthropology and swing dancing at Sydney's Town
more details of the festival and for ticketing information,
Sydney Festival program is Australias premier
arts and cultural festival taking place in January
program comprises around 300 performances and 80 events
performed by over 1000 artists in at least 20 venues
opening night alone attracts over one million people.
This events contemporary programming positions
it at the forefront of arts practice in Australia
and up there with the great festivals of the world.
Festival is Australia's largest and most attended
annual cultural event running every January since
it was first held in 1977. Its program features around
80 events including contemporary and classical music,
dance, circus, drama, visual arts and artist talks.
The festival attracts an estimated 1 million people
to its ticketed shows and large-scale free outdoor
Festival was established by the Sydney Committee,
the NSW State Government and the City of Sydney with
a view to attracting people into the city centre during
the summer holiday month of January. In many ways
it is probably still best understood as a celebration
of Sydney and what the city has to offer. Attendees
are predominantly Sydneysiders with a growing national
and international audience.
three weeks the Festival offers a program of around
300 performances and 80 events involving more than
1000 artists from Australia and abroad covering dance,
theatre, music, visual arts, cross media and forums.
In any given year, the program's diversity might include
burlesque circus to New York rap to Russian theatre;
from contemporary dance to family programs to traditional
Indigenous arts practice. The Festival uses at least
20 venues including the city's main theatre venues
such as Sydney Theatre, CarriageWorks, City Recital
Hall and venues at Sydney Opera House, as well as
community halls, parks and the city steets themselves.
Festival presents a number of large-scale free outdoor
events including the long-running Concerts in The
Domain with, each attracting up to 80,000 people.
2008 the Festival's free opening event is Festival
First Night, attracting approximately 250,000 people
into the city centre. With up to seven stages set-up
in the city's closed streets, parks and laneways,
Festival First Night features up to 500 local and
international performers, many of who are part of
the Festvial program. Over the past three years, performers
at Festival First Night include: Brian Wilson, Grace
Jones, Al Green, Sharon Jones & The Dapkings,
Pink Martini, Santagold, Big Bad Voodoo Daddy, The
Cat Empire, The Manganiyar Seduction, Dan Zanes &
Friends, Spanish Harlem Orchestra and many more.
Festival has a history of presenting Australian premieres
and many of Australia's most memorable productions
such as Cloudstreet have resulted from Sydney Festival's
commitment to nurture local artists. It has brought
many of the world's great artists to Sydney for the
first time including: Ariane Mnouchkine and Thèâtre
du Soleil (Flood Drummers), Robert Wilson (The Black
Rider), Robert Lepage (Far Side of the Moon, The Andersen
Project, Lipsynch), George Piper Dances, Netherlands
Dance Theatre, James Thiérrée (Junebug
Symphony, Au Revoir Parapluie), Philip Glass, Ian
McKellen (Dance of Death), Batsheva Dance Company,
National Theatre of Scotland (Black Watch, Aalst),
Christopher Wheeldon Company, All Tomorrow's Parties,
Al Green, Katona Jozsef Theatre, Bon Iver, Grizzly
Bear, The National, Sufjan Stevens and Joanna Newsom.
Festival's inclusive programming, broad range of free
events and accessible pricing policies for the ticketed
shows means that Sydney Festival is open to all, welcoming
Sydneysiders and visitors alike. Within the program
there is always a group of shows - all about an hour
long - with $30 tickets. Tickets to all performances
are available on the day for only $25 at the Tix for
Next to Nix booth in Martin Place in the heart of
Festival's total audience of approximately 1 million
across all of its events makes it the most attended
cultural event in Australia.
an indication of Festival programming, the 2010 Festival
included Schaubuhne Berlin's Hamlet, Headlong's Six
Characters in Search of an Author, Peter Sellars'
Oedipus Rex & Symphony of Psalms, 43 Rajastani
musicians in The Manganiyar Seduction, Al Green, Shaun
Parker's Happy As Larry, Fabulous Beast's Giselle,
Circus Oz' Barely Contained, Red Leap Theatre's The
Arrival, John Cale, Grizzly Bear, Medeski Martin &
Wood, Laura Marling, Patrick Watson and many more.
free program for Sydney Festvial 2010 included an
outdoor concert by Indian superstar AR Rahman (with
an audience of 50,000 people); Summer Sounds in The
Domain with Toumani Diabate; Symphony in The Domain
with Sydney Symphony; Mazda Opera in The Domain with
Leonard Bernstein's Candide; and the much-loved annual
AAMI Ferrython on with four Sydney ferries racing
on Sydney Harbour.
Festival's late night venues, both presenting contemporary
music, are Becks Festival Bar and Festival Garden
with the latter hosting The Famous Speigeltent.
Hume: 2010 - 2012
Fergus Linehan: 2006 - 2009
Brett Sheehy: 2002 - 2005
Leo Schofield: 1998 - 2001
Anthony Steel: 1995 - 1997
Stephen Hall: 1977 - 1994 (Credit:
First Night - 8th January 2011
heart of Sydney will be transformed into a magical
wonderland for Festival First Night and youre
all invited to catch some of the biggest names in
the Festival for free!
the kids in the afternoon to sing and dance with Lah-Lahs
big band or be wowed by circus company Circa. Bring
your ukulele and join some massive music making.
the evening, Hyde Park will be reborn as a vaudevillian
playground. Catch a peek of Eddie Perfects new
musical comedy Misanthropology and groove to Nashvilles
The Dynamites, fronted by soul man Charles Walker.
And dont miss iOTA and the cast of Smoke &
Mirrors on the Palm Stage.
Chifley Square, New Zealand artist Michel Tuffery
M.N.Z.M. presents First Contact, a 12-storey high
multi-media projection artwork based on Captain Cooks
exploration of the South Pacific. A live soundtrack
is provided by DJ NOMAD alongside SouthPacific dancers
at The Domain Nukkan Ya Ruby celebrates the life and
music of Ngarrindjeri singer-songwriter Ruby Hunter,
with a line-up including Amos Roach, Dave Arden, Paul
Kelly, Renee Geyer, Tiddas, Dan Sultan and more joining
Archie Roach to pay tribute to one of Australias
music legends. Then Emmylou Harris and her Red Dirt
Boys are set to dazzle as they traverse Americana,
bluegrass, country and folk.
Place will explode with some of the best global sounds,
including Hanggai from Chinas progressive music
scene, Senegals Daara J Family and hip-hop collective
the car at home.
For detailed public transport information visit 131500.info/events
or call 131 500 closer to the event. For information
on road closures, alternate traffic routes and parking
restrictions visit rta.nsw.gov.au or call 132 701
closer to the event.
City of Sydney is a principle sponsor of the Sydney
Festival and is making it easy to get to the festival
this year by offering free valet bike parking at Festival
First night. Riding a bike is a great way to stay
healthy and travel sustainably so take a better
road this year and cycle to the festival.
BYO alcohol. No glass.
Food and beverages will be on sale throughout the
event at St Marys forecourt, Hyde Park, The
Domain and Queens Square. (Credit:
City of Sydney)
Man does not represent The Sydney Festival
Man has reported on The Sydney Festival
is the largest and most populous city in Australia
and the state capital of New South Wales. Sydney is
located on Australia's south-east coast of the Tasman
Sea. Inhabitants of Sydney are called Sydneysiders,
comprising a cosmopolitan and international population
of people from numerous places around the world.
site of the first British colony in Australia, Sydney
was established in 1788 at Sydney Cove by Arthur
Phillip, commodore of the First Fleet as a penal colony.
The city is built on hills surrounding Port Jackson
which is commonly known as Sydney Harbour, where the
iconic Sydney Opera House and the Harbour Bridge are
featured prominently. The hinterland of the metropolitan
area is surrounded by national parks, and the coastal
regions feature many bays, rivers, inlets and beaches
including the famous Bondi Beach. Within the city
are many notable parks, including Hyde Park and the
Royal Botanical Gardens.
2010, Sydney was ranked 7th in Asia and 28th globally
for economic innovation in the Innovation Cities Top
100 Index by innovation agency 2thinknow. Sydney also
ranks among the top 10 most livable cities in the
world according to Mercer Human Resource Consulting
and The Economist.
has a reputation as an international centre for commerce,
arts, fashion, culture, entertainment, music, education
and tourism, making it one of GaWC's Alpha + world
cities. Sydney has hosted major international sporting
events, including the 1938 British Empire Games, the
2000 Summer Olympics, and the final match of the 2003
Rugby World Cup. The main airport serving Sydney is
Sydney (Kingsford Smith) Airport.
carbon dating suggests that the Sydney region has
been inhabited by indigenous Australians for at least
30,000 years. The traditional Indigenous inhabitants
of Sydney Cove are the Cadigal people, whose land
once stretched from south of Port Jackson to Petersham.
While estimates of the population numbers prior to
the arrival of the First Fleet in 1788 remains contentious,
approximately 4,0008,000 Aboriginal people lived
in the Sydney region prior to contact with British
settlers. The British called the Indigenous people
the "Eora", because being asked where they
came from, these people would answer: "Eora",
meaning "here", or "from this place"
in their language. There were three language groups
in the Sydney region, which were divided into dialects
spoken by smaller clans. The principal languages were
Darug (the Cadigal, original inhabitants of the City
of Sydney, spoke a coastal dialect of Darug), Dharawal
and Guringai. Each clan had a territory, the location
of said territory determined the resources available.
Although urbanisation has destroyed much evidence
of these settlements (such as shell middens), a number
of Sydney rock engravings, carvings and rock art remain
visible in the Hawkesbury sandstone of the Sydney
1770, British sea Captain Lieutenant James Cook landed
in Botany Bay on the Kurnell Peninsula. It is here
that Cook made first contact with an Aboriginal community
known as the Gweagal. Under instruction from the British
government, a convict settlement was founded by Arthur
Phillip, who arrived at Botany Bay with a fleet of
11 ships on 18 January 1788. This site was soon determined
to be unsuitable for habitation, owing to poor soil
and a lack of reliable fresh water. Phillip subsequently
founded the colony one inlet further up the coast,
at Sydney Cove on Port Jackson on 26 January 1788.
He named it after the British Home Secretary, Thomas
Townshend, Lord Sydney, in recognition of Sydney's
role in issuing the charter authorising Phillip to
establish a colony. The original name was intended
to be Albion until Phillip decided upon Sydney.
International Exhibition of 1879 at the Garden Palace
April 1789 a disease, thought to be smallpox, killed
an estimated 500 to 1000 Aboriginal people between
Broken Bay and Botany Bay. There was violent resistance
to British settlement, notably by the warrior Pemulwuy
in the area around Botany Bay, and conflicts were
common in the area surrounding the Hawkesbury River.
By 1820 there were only a few hundred Aborigines and
Governor Macquarie had begun initiatives to 'civilise,
Christianise and educate' the Aborigines by removing
them from their clans. Macquarie's tenure as Governor
of New South Wales was a period when Sydney was improved
from its basic beginnings. Roads, bridges, wharves
and public buildings were constructed by British and
Irish convicts, and by 1822 the town had banks, markets,
well-established thoroughfares and an organised constabulary.
The 1830s and 1840s were periods of urban development,
including the development of the first suburbs, as
the town grew rapidly when ships began arriving from
Britain and Ireland with immigrants looking to start
a new life in a new country. On 20 July 1842 the municipal
council of Sydney was incorporated and the town was
declared the first city in Australia, with John Hosking
the first elected mayor. The first of several Australian
gold rushes started in 1851, and the port of Sydney
has since seen many waves of people arriving from
around the world.
harbour in 1932
Rapid suburban development began in the last quarter
of the 19th century with the advent of steam powered
tramways and railways. With industrialisation Sydney
expanded rapidly, and by the early 20th century it
had a population of more than a million.In 1929 the
novelist Arthur Henry Adams calls it the "Siren
City of the South" and "Athens of Australia".
The Great Depression hit Sydney badly. One of the
highlights of the Depression era, however, was the
completion of the Sydney Harbour Bridge in 1932. There
has traditionally been a rivalry between Sydney and
Melbourne since the gold rushes of the 1850s made
the capital of Victoria Australia's largest and richest
city. Sydney overtook Melbourne in population in the
early years of the 20th century, and has remained
the largest city in Australia since this time. During
the 1970s and 1980s Sydney's CBD with a great number
of financial institutions including the headquarters
of the Reserve Bank surpassed Melbourne as the nation's
financial capital. Throughout the 20th century, especially
in the decades immediately following World War II,
Sydney continued to expand as large numbers of European
and later Asian immigrants populated the metropolitan
the financial and economic hub of Australia, Sydney
has grown to become a wealthy and prosperous city,
ranking as the second wealthiest city in the world
in terms of per capita purchasing power. The largest
economic sectors in Sydney, as measured by the number
of people employed, include property and business
services, retail, manufacturing, and health and community
services. Since the 1980s, jobs have moved from manufacturing
to the services and information sectors. Sydney provides
approximately 25 percent of the country's total GDP.
Australian Securities Exchange and the Reserve Bank
of Australia are located in Sydney, as are the headquarters
of 90 banks and more than half of Australia's top
companies, and the regional headquarters for around
500 multinational corporations. Of the ten largest
corporations in Australia by revenue, four have headquarters
in Sydney: Caltex Australia, the Commonwealth Bank,
Westpac, and Woolworths. Of the 54 authorised deposit-taking
banks in Australia, 44 are based in Sydney including
nine of the 11 foreign subsidiary banks in Australia
and all of the 29 local branches of foreign banks.
Major authorised foreign banks in Sydney include Citigroup,
UBS Australia, Mizuho Corporate Bank, HSBC Bank Australia
and Deutsche Bank.
locations in Sydney include Pitt Street, George Street,
King Street, Market Street, and Castlereagh Street,
shopping complexes such as the Queen Victoria Building
and Westfield Sydney, arcades such as The Strand Arcade
and Mid City Centre, and department stores such as
Myer and David Jones, all of which are in the shopping
district in the city centre, a place to find major
international brand name labels. Also in the city
centre is Chinatown, which includes Paddys Markets,
which is Sydney's city markets, a place for bargain
the city centre there are number of other shopping
destinations of interest. Inner eastern suburbs such
as Potts Point, Darlinghurst and Surry Hills provide
a diverse range of shops for the culturally creative
and alternative lifestyle groups that live there,
whilst other inner eastern areas like Paddington and
Woollahra are home to boutiques selling more niche
products. Inner western suburbs like Newtown and Glebe
cater more towards students and alternative lifestyles.
Double Bay in Sydney's harbourside eastern suburbs
is un upmarket area known for its expensive boutiques.
Seaside areas, including Bondi Beach in the eastern
beaches area and Manly in the northern beaches area,
have a retail scene based upon their beach locations,
with many surfing and surfer style clothing shops.
received 7.8 million domestic visitors and 2.5 million
international visitors in 2004. In 2007, the (then)
Premier of New South Wales, Morris Iemma established
Events New South Wales to "market Sydney and
NSW as a leading global events destination".
Fox Studios Australia has large film studios in the
of 2004, the unemployment rate in Sydney was 4.9 percent.
According to The Economist Intelligence Unit's Worldwide
cost of living survey, Sydney is the sixteenth most
expensive city in the world, while a UBS survey ranks
Sydney as 15th in the world in terms of net earnings.
As of September 2009, Sydney has the highest median
house price of any Australian capital city at $569,000,
and a median unit price of $400,000. Sydney also has
the highest median rent prices of any Australian city
at $450 a week.
Sydney Region accounts for 12 percent (approximately
$1 billion per annum) of the total agricultural production,
by value, of NSW. Sydney provides 55% of NSW's flower
production and 58% of its turf production, as well
as 44% of state's nurseries. In 1994-1995 Sydney
produced 44% of New South Wales' poultry meat and
48% of the state's eggs.
Culture of Sydney
Sydney hosts many different festivals and some of
Australia's largest social and cultural events. These
include the Sydney Festival, Australia's largest arts
festival which is a celebration involving both indoor
and free outdoor performances throughout January;
the Biennale of Sydney, established in 1973; the Big
Day Out, a travelling rock-music festival which originated
in Sydney; the Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras along Oxford
Street; the Sydney Film Festival and many other smaller
film festivals such as the short film Tropfest and
Flickerfest. Sculpture by the Sea, Australia's largest
outdoor sculpture exhibit, began in Bondi Beach in
premier prize for portraiture, the Archibald Prize
is organised by the Art Gallery of New South Wales.
The Sydney Royal Easter Show is held every year at
Sydney Olympic Park, the final of Australian Idol
takes place on the steps of the Opera House, and Australian
Fashion Week takes place in April/May and September.
Sydney's New Year's Eve and Australia Day celebrations
are the largest in Australia.
survey based on tracking the frequency of words and
phrases in the media, cited Sydney as number 9 on
a list of the world's top fashion cities in 2009.
The city is the site of the world renowned Rosemount
Australian Fashion Week, which occurs biannually,
and is home to many of Australia's premier fashion
houses. Most international designers have a major
presence in Sydney and Australia's Next Top Model
is one of the most watched shows on national television.
and performing arts.
cultural institutions include the Sydney's Opera House.
It has five halls, including a large concert hall
and opera and drama theatres; it is the home of Opera
Australiathe third-busiest opera company in
the world, and the Sydney Symphony. Other venues include
the Sydney Town Hall, City Recital Hall, the State
Theatre, the Theatre Royal, Sydney, the Sydney Theatre
and the Wharf Theatre, the Capitol Theatre and the
Lyric and Star Theatres, Star City.
Sydney Conservatorium of Music is located adjacent
to the Royal Botanic Gardens and serves the Australian
music community through music education and biannual
Australian Music Examination Board exams. The Sydney
Dance Company was under the leadership of Graeme Murphy
during the late 20th century. The Sydney Theatre Company
has a regular roster of local plays, such as noted
playwright David Williamson, classics and international
2007, The New Theatre celebrated 75 years of continuous
production in Sydney. Other important theatre companies
in Sydney include Company B and Griffin Theatre Company.
From the 1940s through to the 1970s the Sydney Push,
a group of authors and political activists whose members
included Germaine Greer, influenced the city's cultural
life. The National Institute of Dramatic Art, based
in Kensington, boasts internationally famous alumni
such as Mel Gibson, Judy Davis, Baz Luhrmann and Cate
Blanchett. Sydney's role in the film industry has
increased since the opening of Fox Studios Australia
films which have been filmed in the city include Moulin
Rouge!, Mission: Impossible II, Star Wars episodes
II and III, Superman Returns, Dark City, Son of the
Mask, Stealth, Dil Chahta Hai, Happy Feet, Australia
and The Matrix. Films using Sydney as a setting include
Finding Nemo, Strictly Ballroom, Muriel's Wedding,
Our Lips Are Sealed, and Dirty Deeds. Many Bollywood
movies have also been filmed in Sydney including Singh
Is Kinng, Bachna Ae Haseeno, Chak De India, Heyy Babyy.
As of 2006, over 229 films have been set in, or featured
most popular nightspots include Kings Cross, Oxford
Street, Darling Harbour, Circular Quay and The Rocks,
which all contain various bars, nightclubs and restaurants.
Star City Casino, is Sydney's only casino and is situated
around Darling Harbour. There are many traditional
pubs, cafes and restaurants in inner-city areas such
as Newtown, Balmain, Leichhardt and Surry Hills. Sydney's
main live music hubs include areas such as Newtown
and Annandale, which nurtured acts such as AC/DC,
Bliss n Eso, Sparkadia, Midnight Oil and INXS. Other
popular nightspots tend to be spread throughout the
city in areas such as Bondi, Manly, Cronulla and Parramatta.
Tourism in Sydney
In the year ending March 2008, Sydney received 2.7
million international visitors. The most well-known
attractions include the Sydney Opera House and the
Sydney Harbour Bridge. Other attractions include Royal
Botanical Gardens, Luna Park, some 40 beaches and
also has several popular museums, such as the Australian
Museum (natural history and anthropology), the Powerhouse
Museum (science, technology and design), the Art Gallery
of New South Wales, the Museum of Contemporary Art
and the Australian National Maritime Museum.
and outdoor activities
is well-endowed with open spaces and access to waterways,
and has many natural areas, even in the city centre.
Within the CBD are the Chinese Garden of Friendship,
Hyde Park, The Domain and the Royal Botanic Gardens.
The metropolitan area contains several national parks,
including the Royal National Park, the second oldest
national park in the world, and several parks in Sydney's
far west which are part of the World Heritage listed
Greater Blue Mountains Area.
Sport is an important part of Sydney's culture. The
most popular sport in Sydney is rugby league. The
NSWRFL (today known as the NRL) began in Sydney in
the 1908 season and is the largest and most prestigious
domestic rugby league competition in the Southern
Hemisphere. The city is home to nine of the sixteen
teams currently in the National Rugby League competition:
the Canterbury Bulldogs, Cronulla Sharks, Manly Sea
Eagles, Penrith Panthers, Parramatta Eels, South Sydney
Rabbitohs, St George Illawarra Dragons, Sydney Roosters
and Wests Tigers.
is the most popular summer sport in Sydney. The Ashes
Series between Australia and England is widely popular
among the people. As the state capital, Sydney is
also the home of the NSW Blues cricket team in the
Sheffield Shield cricket competition. Sydney Cricket
Ground and ANZ Stadium here host cricket matches.
This city has also hosted 1992 Cricket World Cup and
will also host the 2015 Cricket World Cup. Sydney
Cricket Ground is at present the only test venue in
the city. Plans are going on to accommodate ANZ Stadium
as an international cricket venue for Australia.
Sydney is the only city other than Brisbane and Melbourne
to have an elite presence in the 4 major football
codes of Australia - rugby league, football (soccer),
rugby union and AFL. Association Football is represented
by Sydney FC and Sydney Rovers FC (from 2011) in the
A-League, whilst the second tier competitions NSWPL
and NSW Super League provide many players to the A-League.
Sydney also hosts major association football events
of the national team, the Socceroos, most notably
the World Cup Qualifier against Uruguay in 2005. Rugby
Union is represented by the NSW Waratahs in the elite
Southern Hemisphere Super 14 competition. The Suburban
rugby competition is the Shute Shield which provides
many Super 14 players. High profile Wallabies games
are held in Sydney such as the Bledisloe Cup, Tri
Nations matches, British and Irish Lions games, and
most notably the final of the 2003 Rugby World Cup
also has an Australian Football League (AFL) team
called the Sydney Swans; with a second team - GWS
(Greater Western Sydney) forming to enter the main
AFL league in 2012, a woman's netball team (Swifts),
a baseball team (Patriots), a field hockey team (Waratahs),
two ice hockey teams (Penrith Bears & Sydney Ice
Dogs) and a WNBL team (Sydney Uni Flames). The Sydney
Kings will be re-entering the NBL competition at the
end of 2010.
NSW Blues rugby league team contests the annual Rugby
League State of Origin series against the Queensland
Maroons. Large sporting events such as the NRL Grand
Final and Bledisloe Cup games are regularly held at
the ANZ Stadium, the main stadium for the 2000 Summer
events in Sydney include the start of the Sydney to
Hobart Yacht Race, the Golden Slipper horse race,
and the City to Surf race. Prominent sporting venues
in Sydney include the Sydney Cricket Ground or SCG,
ANZ Stadium, The Sydney Football Stadium, Eastern
Creek Raceway, Royal Randwick and Rosehill Gardens
Media in Sydney
building in Ultimo
Sydney has two main daily newspapers. The Sydney Morning
Herald is the oldest extant newspaper in Australia,
having been published regularly since 1831. The Herald's
competitor, The Daily Telegraph, is a News Corporation-owned
tabloid. Both papers have tabloid counterparts published
on Sunday, The Sun-Herald and the Sunday Telegraph,
three commercial television networks (Seven, Nine,
Ten), as well as the government national broadcast
services (ABC and SBS) are headquartered in Sydney.
Also a community television station, TVS, broadcasts
in the Sydney area. Historically, the networks have
been based in the northern suburbs, but the last decade
has seen several move to the inner city. Nine has
kept its headquarters north of the harbour, in Willoughby.
Ten has its studios in a redeveloped section of the
inner-city suburb of Pyrmont, and Seven also has headquarters
in Pyrmont, production studios at Epping as well as
a purpose-built news studio in Martin Place in the
ABC has a large headquarters and production facility
in the inner-city suburb of Ultimo and SBS has its
studios at Artarmon. Foxtel and Optus both supply
pay-TV over their cable services to most parts of
the urban area.
five free-to-air networks have provided digital television
transmissions in Sydney since January 2000. There
are also nine additional Freeview Digital Services.
These include ABC2, ABC3, ABC News 24, SBS Two, 7TWO,
7mate, GO!, GEM HD and ONE HD.
AM and FM government, commercial and community radio
services broadcast in the Sydney area. The local ABC
radio station is 702 ABC Sydney (formerly 2BL).
The talkback radio genre is dominated by the perennial
rivals 2GB and 2UE. Popular Music radio stations include
Triple M, 2Day FM and Nova 96.9, which generally target
people under 40. In the older end of the music radio
market, Classic Rock 95.3 and Mix 106.5 target the
2554 age group, while WS-FM targets the 4054
age group with their Classic Hits format mostly focusing
on the 70s and 80s. Triple J (ABC), 2SER and FBi Radio
provide a more independent, local and alternative
sound. There are also a number of community stations
broadcasting to a particular language group or local
1 July 2009, DAB+ Digital Radio officially started.
ABC and commercial radios provide full programing.
Local Government Areas
Apart from the limited role of the Cumberland County
Council from 19451964, there has never been
an overall governing body for the Sydney metropolitan
area; instead, the metropolitan area is divided into
local government areas (LGAs) which are comparable
to boroughs in cities such as London. These areas
have elected councils which are responsible for functions
delegated to them by the New South Wales State Government,
such as planning and garbage collection.
City of Sydney includes the central business area
and some adjoining inner suburbs, and has in recent
years been expanded through amalgamation with adjoining
local government areas, such as South Sydney. It is
led by the elected Lord Mayor of Sydney and a council.
The Lord Mayor, however, is sometimes treated as a
representative of the whole city, for example during
citywide government activities are controlled by the
state government. These include public transport,
main roads, traffic control, policing, education above
preschool level, and planning of major infrastructure
projects. Because a large proportion of the New South
Wales population lives in Sydney, state governments
have traditionally been reluctant to allow the development
of citywide governmental bodies, which would tend
to rival the state government. For this reason, Sydney
has always been a focus for the politics of both state
and federal parliaments. For example, the boundaries
of the City of Sydney LGA have been significantly
altered by state governments on at least four occasions
since 1945, with expected advantageous effect to the
governing party in the New South Wales Parliament
at the time.
The 38 LGAs commonly described as making up Sydney
classification of which councils make up Sydney varies.
The Local Government Association of New South Wales
considers all LGAs lying entirely in Cumberland County
as part of its 'Metro' group, which excludes Camden
(classed in its 'Country' group). The Australian Bureau
of Statistics defines a Sydney Statistical Division
(the population figures of which are used in this
article) that includes all of the above councils as
well as Wollondilly, the Blue Mountains, Hawkesbury,
Gosford and Wyong.
Water storage and supply for Sydney is managed by
the Sydney Catchment Authority, which is an agency
of the NSW Government that sells bulk water to Sydney
Water and other agencies. Water in the Sydney catchment
is chiefly stored in dams in the Upper Nepean Scheme,
the Blue Mountains, Woronora Dam, Warragamba Dam and
the Shoalhaven Scheme. Historically low water levels
in the catchment have led to water use restrictions
and the NSW government is investigating alternative
water supply options, including grey water recycling
and the construction of a seawater reverse osmosis
desalination plant at Kurnell. As of May 2009, the
plant was 80% completed, and was due to start supplying
fresh water to Sydney at the end of the year.
late January 2010, the NSW government announced that
desalination plant was operating and people in different
regions were being supplied with desalinated water.
There were no complaints or reports about water odour,
which people had previously perceived was going to
be present. Sydney Water also collects
the wastewater and sewage produced by the city.
companies supply natural gas and electricity to Sydney:
Energy Australia, AGL, Integral Energy and Origin
Energy. The natural gas supply for the city is sourced
from the Cooper Basin in South Australia. Numerous
telecommunications companies operate in Sydney providing
terrestrial and mobile telecommunications services.
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