official website June
Man With The Iron Fists official website
Pedro, Mixed Martial Artist (UFC) - 10th May 2017
Cutajar, Judo champion, mixed martial artist, - 29th
Severn, Ultimate Fighter, Professional Wrestler and
Full Contact Trainer - 10th June 2003
210: Post-fight Press Conference
209: Western Sydney's Tyson Pedro set for the big
time - 24th February 2017
Fan Expo: EA SPORTS UFC 2 Live Event Competition Finals
fighter Soa The Hulk Palelei banned from
visiting sick children at Perth hospital -
25th September 2015
Champion Ronda Rousey Talks Joining WWE - August 2015
Gym, Sydney, holds BRAVE day - 22nd March 2014
returns to Australia this December - 21st Feb 2013
WWE champion Dave Bautista gets new opponent
WWE champion Dave Bautista has a new opponent heading
into Saturdays CESMMA event in Providence.
promotion announced tonight at Vince Lucero (20-22)
has stepped in on short notice after Rashid Evans
pulled out of the fight last week. The 40-year-old
Lucero is 0-9-1 in his last 10 fights, though he has
fought multiple UFC veterans including Tim Slyvia,
Roy Nelson, Eddie Sanchez, Lavar Johnson, Brad Imes,
43-year-old makes his MMA debut on Saturday at the
Dunkin Donuts Center follwing in the footsteps of
other former pro wrestlers like Brock Lesnar and Bobby
Top 10 best MMA fights of the rest of 2012...
are plenty of exciting fights to look forward to before
2013. Heres a look at our top 10 (barring injuries):
Rich Franklin vs. Cung Le (UFC on Fuel TV 6, Nov.
10 in Macau)
This one isnt as much about the fight as it
is about the significance of the event the
UFCs first in China. Neither of these guys is
currently in their prime, but they always give crowd-pleasing
performances. Le, a native of Vietnam, should have
a massive Asian following.
Eddie Alvarez vs. Patricky Freire (Bellator 76, Oct.
12 in Windsor, Ontario)
Alvarez might have dropped the Bellator title last
year to Michael Chandler, but hes still one
of the top 15 lightweights in the world. This also
could be his last Bellator fight with his contract
expiring dont be surprised if hes
in the UFC in 2013. Explosive knockout artist Freire
will be a game opponent.
Joseph Benavidez vs. Demetrious Johnson, UFC flyweight
title (UFC 152, Sept. 22 in Toronto)
Dont blink. These are two of the fastest guys
in MMA and both challenged for the bantamweight title
before the UFC created its flyweight division. This
bout will determine the companys first-ever
flyweight champion and these are legitimately the
top two guys in the world at 125.
Shane Carwin vs. Roy Nelson (TUF 16 finale, Dec. 15
in Las Vegas)
Theres very little chance this one leaves the
first round. Carwin and Nelson love to slug it out
and after coaching against one another on The
Ultimate Fighter they probably wont be
too friendly. Itll be nice to see Carwin, a
former heavyweight top contender, back in the cage.
Daniel Cormier vs. Frank Mir (Strikeforce: Mir vs.
Cormier, Oct. 27 in TBA)
This might be a Strikeforce fight, but it has UFC
implications. Mir, the former UFC heavyweight champion,
takes on Strikeforce champ Cormier in somewhat of
a crossover matchup. But Cormier will be in the UFC
right after this fight courtesy of Strikeforce's heavyweight
division being disbanded and a win here puts him on
path for a title shot in 2013.
BJ Penn vs. Rory MacDonald (UFC on Fox 5, Dec. 8 in
The trash talk has already been fun between the two,
but things will really heat up when they enter the
Octagon. Think of this as something of a passing of
the torch fight. Penn, in the twilight of his career,
will put up a strong challenge against the young lion,
but the multi-faceted MacDonald is nearing superstardom
in the welterweight division.
Benson Henderson (c) vs. Nate Diaz, UFC lightweight
title (UFC on Fox 5, Dec. 8 in Seattle)
This could easily be a Fight of the Year candidate
if it goes how its supposed to. Neither of these
guys gives an inch both Henderson and Diaz
are perpetually moving forward. A win here, against
a superior standup fighter in Diaz, would put Hendersons
name among the top pound-for-pound fighters in the
Jose Aldo (c) vs. Frankie Edgar, UFC featherweight
title (UFC 153, Oct. 13 in Rio)
Well, this is a pleasant surprise. Aldo was supposed
to defend his title against Erik Koch, but Koch had
to pull out with an injury and his loss is the fans
gain. Edgar was the UFC lightweight champion for more
than a year and his last two losses were by the slimmest
of margins. Aldo, meanwhile, is a buzzsaw one
of the best pound-for-pound fighters in the world.
This is, indeed, a superfight.
Georges St. Pierre (c) vs. Carlos Condit, UFC welterweight
unification (UFC 154, Nov. 17 in Montreal)
It seems like its been forever since St. Pierre
has fought. One of the best MMA fighters of all time
has not competed in more than a year and a half due
to injuries, including a torn ACL. He returns to face
red-hot Carlos Condit, who is coming off a win over
Nick Diaz in January. St. Pierre, a dominant champ,
has never faced anyone with the combination of speed,
athleticism and technique that Condit has.
Junior dos Santos (c) vs. Cain Velasquez, UFC heavyweight
title (UFC 155, Dec. 29 in Las Vegas)
time, well get the incredible battle of wills
that we were promised last year. Velasquez lost his
title to dos Santos last November in just over a minute
via stunning knockout. To make matters worse, it was
the UFCs first show on Fox and the company took
undeserved criticism for the quick, flash KO.
knew that dos Santos-Velasquez wouldnt be a
war? This one will make up for it, closing the year
on a huge high note the two best heavyweights
in the world trading in the center of the cage. Only
one will be standing at the end. (New York Post)
professional wrestler, bodybuilder and actor best
known for his time in WWE. In WWE, he became a six-time
world champion, winning the World Heavyweight Championship
four times, and the WWE Championship two times. He
is the longest-reigning World Heavyweight Champion
in WWE history. In addition to these championships,
Batista has won the World Tag Team Championship three
times (twice with Ric Flair and once with John Cena)
and the WWE Tag Team Championship once (with Rey Mysterio).
Batista was also the winner of the 2005 Royal Rumble
match. in 2011 Dave crossed over into the acting world
to co star with Russell Crowe in the Universal Pictures
film "The Man With The Iron Fists".
Batista Leaves WWE; Joins Strike Force MMA - June
Will Spark Sports
Betting On Mixed Martial Arts Signing - June 2010
Betting Interest Jumps With Batista - June 2010
Superstar Batista To Enter MMA World; Want A Bet?
by Greg Tingle - 22nd June 2010
news that more professional wrestlers aka "sports
entertainers" (term thanks to WWE owner Vince
McMahon) are set to enter the mixed martial arts world,
seems sports betting fans and wrestling fans will
have more more to get excited about. Enter Dave Batista,
whose next? Media Man and Gambling911 with this body
slamming, clothes liner, no taping report...
Lensar may have been the first former WWE superstar
to make his considerable mark on the MMA world (via
UFC) but he won't be the last. Enter Dave Batista,
fresh off a scripted loss to WWE's who Media Man spys
say is heading to StrikeForce...competitor of sorts
to the UFC.
and Media Man have been scouring the planet to see
who may take odds - bets on Batista's upcoming Strikeforce
debut, before year end we understand. Comon' PartyGaming
- PartyBets, Gamebookers, BetUS, Betfair, Centrebet,
Paddy Power and SBG Global.
Challenge To Sports Betting Companies!...
issue a public challenge to offer betting options
on Batista and other pro wrestlers going to the mixed
martial arts world!
Legend Ric Flair Speaks On UFC (MMA) And WWE Fans...
doesnt affect wrestling at all. Im not
saying wrestling fans dont watch MMA, but it
is two different audiences. My take on MMA is that
those guys are phenomenal athletes and extraordinarily
tough and committed but the people that are crazy
about them got nothing going on themselves. I actually
think most of the male public that is crazy for that
are living vicariously for something they can never
be. Wrestling is more entertainment-based. MMA is
what it is, those guys are out there trying to kill
each other. And the guys that are sitting at home
going "Wow" could never find that within
themselves on the first day of their life. When Lesnar
fights, I like watching Brock
and I recognize
a lot of names
youve got to have so much
respect for what those guys put themselves through
but it is a limited time frame [they've got]. Its
hard to develop a star in that business thats
going to have any longevity. In wrestling a guy that
develops a name for himself can do it fifteen years."
fans or anti fans. Does Flair's quote piss you off,
or do you like his tell it like it is attitude? Tell
us in the forum, and we can't wait for Hollywood's
crazed comedian nutter Tony Clifton, to offer his
2 cents worth again. Shame about what happened to
the late Andy Kaufman (former inter gender pro wrestling
champion of the world!!!). Trust us, Andy was not
the UFC type... ask Jerry 'The King' Lawler.
Nature Boy' has enjoyed previous Gambling911 coverage
thanks to his gambling and gaming entrepreneur exploits...
namely being former NC Education Lottery front man,
and the current man of the moment for the South Carolina
Lottery. Woooooo! as Flair would say.
Flair (front man for lotteries in the Carolina's region)
Nash (once upon a time known as Vinnie Vegas)
Hogan (face of The Hulk A Mania slot machine)
Pro Wrestling Stars Predicted By Media Man To Be Able
To Cut It In The MMA World...
Goldberg, mainly known only as Goldberg. Bill is also
a motorsport enthusiast, enjoying BullRun, monster
trucks and Harley-Davidson bikes.
Inoki (but just for 1 or 2 matches, due to his age)
Details full credit Wikipedia
June 26, 1976 Antonio Inoki had a scheduled match
in Tokyo with Muhammad Ali. Inoki initially promised
Ali a worked match to get him to fight in Japan, but
when the deal materialized Ali's camp feared that
Inoki would turn the fight into a shoot, which many
believe was Inoki's intention. Ali visited a professional
wrestling match involving Inoki and witnessed Inoki's
grappling ability. The rules of the match were announced
several months in advance. Two days before the match,
however, several new rules were added which severely
limited the moves that each man could perform. A rule
change that had a major outcome on this match was
that Inoki could only throw a kick if one of his knees
was on the ground. In the match, Ali landed a total
of six punches to Inoki, and Inoki kept to his back
in a defensive position almost the full duration of
the match of 15 rounds, hitting Ali with a low kick
repeatedly. The bout ended in a draw, 3-3. Ali left
without a press conference and suffered damage to
his legs as a result of Inoki's repeated leg kicks.
Backlund (as above)
Gene LeBell, actually, better to pass... Gene is 77
years of age.
Layfield aka Bradshaw (a low level match, as Bradshaw
is a brawler and had a gorgeous and intelligent wife
who likely wouldn't risk anything else)
Wrestlers Who Won't Be Going To MMA This Lifetime...
Cena, Dwayne Johnson (The Rock), Rey Mysterio Jr,
(Dylan Postl aka Little Bastard is a midget wrestler
and character. Say so more).
McMahon (too old and busy running WWE), Hulk Hogan
(who Flair has gone on record with... "Hogan
is in constant pain").
Austin aka 'Stone Cold' (Austin has had many injuries
and the closest you will see him in MMA is in action
movie 'Damage', in a cage match!)
Of Wrestling Stars In MMA...
Toombs (son of legendary wrestler and pop icon, "Rowdy"
Roddy Piper). As a teenager Roddy won a Golden Gloves
boxing championship and was also awarded a karate
black belt by Gene LeBell.
Pro Wrestlers Who Were Once Successful In UFC...
"The Beast' Severn and Ken Shamrock
Old Or Dead...
Funk, legit legend and tough guy brawler, still with
us, bless the lord
"The King" Lawler, as above
Brody - Frank Donald Goodish - dead - a fight - self
defense or murdered in the locker room of a Bayamón
- San Juan, Puerto Rico locker room at the hands of
Jose Huertas Gonzalez, AKA Invader I. Brody reminds
fans of David 'Tank' Abbott, the fighter who achieved
fame in the UFC early years.
Gotch - Karl Istaz (August 3, 1924 - July 28, 2007)
was a professional wrestler and trainer born in Hamburg,
Germany, best known by his ring name Karl Gotch. The
German suplex is named after Gotch. Gotch had a behind-the-scenes
feud with "Nature Boy" Buddy Rogers, starting
when Gotch asked for a shot at the NWA World Heavyweight
Championship. Rogers wanted to avoid getting into
the ring with a wrestler he feared would 'shoot' on
him and legitimately "steal" his championship.
This led to a locker room fist fight between the two,
ending when Gotch broke Rogers' hand; incapacitating
Rogers for several weeks. These events only served
to alienate Gotch from the American promoters, who
already felt there was no place for his style in the
world of American pro wrestling!
WWE NXT former Superstar Bryan Danielson's chances
of competing in UFC? "Slim and none, or about
1 million to one", whispered a Media Man insider.
Vince McMahon, no, hardly any of your guys will leave
WWE for MMA as they just don't have the skills or
the desire to fight in a no holds barred environment,
so no need to worry. Pro wrestling ain't MMA, and
god knows many MMA fighters would boar pro wrestling
audiences to death. If WWE can ever get Lesnar back,
even for 1 match or as a special ref or something,
they would do well. Shane McMahon met with UFC top
brass Dana White last year, but what's his status
now? Punters, tell us what you know in the forum.
President Dana White On Potentially Signing Bobby
Lashley (December 2008)...
don't know how many people can cross over and do what
Lesnar has done. I don't think there's very many out
Status Of Bobby Lashley: In Strikeforce
is a U.S.-based mixed martial arts (MMA) and kickboxing
organization based in San Jose, California. It is
headed by CEO Scott Coker and owned by Silicon Valley
Sports and Entertainment, operators of the HP Pavilion
and the San Jose Sharks. Its live events and fights
are currently shown on Showtime in the US and on Super
Channel in Canada. The promotion debuted on CBS on
November 7, 2009 with Strikeforce: Fedor vs. Rogers.
Lesnar VS Frank Mir expected to break a number of
records including ticketing, PPV media buys and sports
betting. The upcoming fight is expected to to the
the stuff of legend. Tune in to UFC 116 on July 3,
2010. The match up is to be held at the MGM Grand
Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States.
Carwin, who won the interim heavyweight championship
by defeating Frank Mir at UFC 111, will face current
heavyweight champion Brock Lesnar. The two were originally
set to face each other at UFC 106, before Shane Carwin
won the interim heavyweight championship, but Brock
Lesnar pulled out of the fight due to an illness that
kept him from training.
Prez Dana White went on record that the promotion
plans to make a down under Australia tour and annual
occurrence, due to the massive success of UFC 110
Man thinks that either James Packer 50% owned Betfair
or competitor, Centrebet, would do well to become
an official sponsor of UFC, even if only for the Australian
- Asia Pacific region.
keenly await a reply from sports betting companies
on odds re pro wrestlers entering the mixed martial
arts world, be it UFC, Strikeforce or other.
readers, don't hold back in the world famous Gambling911
writer is a special contributor for Gambling911
Man is primarily a media, publicity and internet portal
development company. They also publish Australian
Sports Entertainment and Wrestling News Media
Man is the former manager and agent for Australian
MMA fighter Mick Cutajar
Man has online b2b agreements with the WWE Shop and
UFC Shop. Media Man has nothing but respect for the
awesome athletes in the WWE, UFC and other martial
arts companies. The above article is a tongue in cheek
number, intended to both educate and entertain. The
disclaimers are there for the haters in the forum,
and for those who hate a. WWE b. UFC and other MMA
c. The writer!
Michael Bautista, Jr. (born January 18, 1969), better
known as Dave Batista or by the ring name Batista,
is an American professional wrestler. Batista is currently
signed to World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE), wrestling
on its SmackDown! brand.
is a three-time World Heavyweight Champion and the
winner of the 2005 Royal Rumble match.
is a three-time World Heavyweight Champion and the
winner of the 2005 Royal Rumble match.
is of Filipino and Greek heritage. His year of birth
was disputed for several years. His website originally
listed him as being born in 1969, while several contradictory
news reports claimed that he was actually born in
1966. In March 2006, Batista stated in an interview
that he was born in 1969. He confirms the same in
his autobiography "Batista Unleashed".
began his WWE career on the May 9, 2002 episode of
SmackDown! as Deacon Bautista, a heel enforcer for
Reverend D-Von on the SmackDown! franchise. Batista
made his WWE in-ring debut in a tag match teaming
with D-Von against Randy Orton and Faarooq with Batista
pinning Orton after using his spinebuster. Over several
weeks, Orton tried to beat D-Von and Bautista with
different partners, but ultimately lost each time
to Bautista's spinebuster. Bautista suffered his first
loss in a match against Rikishi after D-Von accidentally
struck him with a punch, allowing Rikishi to take
advantage and pin Bautista for the win. Bautista and
D-Von started to argue over the forthcoming weeks,
with Bautista eventually turning on D-Von. After splitting
with D-Von, he signed with RAW and was re-branded
as Dave Batista (or simply Batista). He aligned himself
with Ric Flair and feuded with Kane, whom he defeated
in his pay-per-view debut at Armageddon 2002.
father, David Michael Bautista, is Filipino and his
mother, Donna Raye Bautista, a lesbian, is Greek.
His grandparents were also from the Philippines as
his grandfather served in the military, worked as
a taxi driver, barber, and other odd jobs to feed
the family. Batista says he is not ashamed to admit
he came from a poor family. He has publicly admitted
to having a hard life where, as before he was age
nine, three murders occurred at his front lawn. As
young as age 13, he was stealing automobiles. By age
17, Batista was considered estranged from his parents
and on his own, despite admitting later that "I
am proud of my parents. They are good, honest, hard-working
folks. They taught me the values of working hard."
Batista became a regular bouncer for clubs until he
was arrested after a fight that left two badly injured
patrons, one of which could be found lying in the
street. After a trial, Batista was sentenced to a
years' probation. Batista was also a lifeguard before
he had dreams of becoming a bodybuilder. He credits
bodybuilding as possibly saving his life.
was married to a woman named Glenda in the early 1990s
and had two daughters with her, Keilani (born in 1990)
and Athena (born in 1992) before divorcing. Batista
married his second wife Angie on October 13, 1998,
however they divorced in 2006. Before the age of 40,
Batista had already become a grandfather of two grandsons:
Jacob & Aiden by Keilani, his first daughter.
During his marriage with Angie, Batista became an
avid collector of vintage metal lunchboxes. He admits
his favorite is the 1967 Green Hornet lunch box, as
it has Bruce Lee on it. This collection started when
he bought Angie an ET lunchbox and she did not want
to break it, so he bought a second one. Batista revealed
that he and Angie were separated in the August 2006
edition of WWE Magazine. He later revealed, in his
autobiography, a relationship with WWE Diva Melina
after the divorce from his wife in 2006, which led
to a brief angle on SmackDown! during a feud with
MNM. Shortly after, he dated 2006 Diva Search contestant
Rebecca DiPietro before resuming a relationship with
October 16, 2007 his autobiography "Batista Unleashed",
a WWE Book, was released. In an interview about the
book, Batista claims "I didn't want to tell my
story unless it was honest," and that "you
have to go through three sets of lawyers: Simon &
Schuster lawyers, WWE lawyers, my lawyers. Everything
now being the way it is, you can be sued for the simplest
thing." One source of controversy was the mentioning
of Chris Benoit, who was almost completely removed
due to controversy. Batista responded saying "I
loved the guy. I despise what he did, but that doesn't
erase him from my life. I fought to keep him in there
and glad they did." When asked about his ex-wife,
Angie, he says "[we] have really become close
again, which we really haven't been in years. I really
learned a lot about her, and she learned a lot about
me from reading the book. She actually saw things
from a different perspective from reading the book.
So that was definitely therapeutic."
has numerous tattoos, including a large Chinese dragon
on his back, red Kanji lettering on his upper left
biceps which says "Angel" in tribute to
his former wife Angie, a signature design on his upper
right biceps, and a small Sun on his stomach which
encircles his belly button. He recently added a tattoo
on his arm of the flags of the Philippines and Greece
merged into one.
addition to wrestling, Bautista has been in several
commercials and on several magazine covers. He was
shown breakdancing in a commercial promoting WWE SummerSlam
2004 where he did his take on a "floor routine",
a routine that arguably mocked the floor routines
shown at the Olympic Games. He was also on the cover
of the April 2005 Flex Magazine.
Bautista has acted and has guest starred in several
television shows as both himself and in-character
as Batista. He guest starred in the eighth episode
of Season 6 of the American drama, action/adventure
television series Smallville; he plays an extraterrestrial
alien named Aldar that escaped from the Phantom Zone,
who sucks the bones out of people for nourishment.
Along with John Cena and Ashley Massaro, Bautista
appeared representing WWE on an episode of Extreme
Makeover: Home Edition in January 2007, giving the
kids of the family whose house was renovated WWE merchandise
and eight tickets to WrestleMania 23.
November 5, 2007, he appeared on an episode of Family
Feud with several other WWE superstars (Credit:
113 will be quickly upon us this weekend May 8th,
2010. I thought Id send out a quick reminder
and an highlight some of the matches. Im not
sure about you, but I seem to have to constantly reminded
of these dates or these events will just pass me by.
Anyways, the last event for WEC 48 was really cool
and featured some great bouts. I hope UFC 113 will
do the same.
The big fight of the night is the re-match Machida
vs. Rua for the Light Heavyweight Championship belt.
I see things going a little better this time around
for Machida. Last fight he got beat up a bit but retained
the belt on a split decision. This time he knows hell
have to be the aggressor and Rua will get caught with
his chin out. My pick Machida KO 3rd round.
The fight between Koscheck vs. Daley should be fight
of the night and all stand up. Koscheck the more experienced
and superior wrestler has indicated hell stand
and bang with Daley. The brash, cocky Daley has secured
a staggering 78% of his 23 wins by knockout. "If
he wants to stand-up, that's easy", says Daley.
"If you're gonna stand up with me, you're gonna
get knocked out--I've said it time and time again."
These guys dont like each other now and Koscheck
is going to hate him later after he gets KOd.
My pick Daley KO 2rd round.
Another potential KO bout is the Kimbo vs Mitrione.
Kimbo should be vastly improved skill wise from his
showing against Houston Alexander over 6 months ago.
Hes got the right work ethic and training now
and should be a force at this weight class. Mitrione
was one of the better athletes on the TUF 10 season
and should be as he did play in the NFL. He only got
one of two fights under him so I dont give him
much of a chance. My pick Kimbo KO 2rd round.
One last bout which could also vie for fight of the
night is the Stout vs. Stephens one. Stout is one
of the fiercest brawlers in the UFC and among all
the Canadian fighters on this card hes the one
with the most skill. Stout made his pro debut at the
age of 19 and has since racked up a slew of victories.
Stout will surely be a crowd favorite as he defends
his home turf against human pitbull Jeremy "Lil'
Heathen" Stevens at UFC 113 in Montreal. If both
fighters' past performances are any indication, then
this fight could be worth the price of admission all
UFC 113 match-ups
Light Heavyweight Championship bout: Lyoto Machida
vs. Mauricio Rua
Welterweight bout: Josh Koscheck vs. Paul Daley
Lightweight bout: Sam Stout vs. Jeremy Stephens
Heavyweight bout: Kimbo Slice vs. Matt Mitrione
Middleweight bout: Patrick Côté vs. Alan
Middleweight bout: Joe Doerksen vs. Tom Lawlor
Welterweight bout: Marcus Davis vs. Jonathan Goulet
Welterweight bout: TJ Grant vs. Johny Hendricks
Heavyweight bout: Tim Hague vs. Joey Beltran
Welterweight bout: Yoshiyuki Yoshida vs. Mike Guymon
Middleweight bout: Jason MacDonald vs. John Salter
martial arts (MMA) is a full contact combat sport.
The mixture of traditional martial arts has led to
a wide variety of fighting techniques being used by
modern MMA competitors, including both striking and
mixed martial arts competition emerged in popular
culture in 1993 with the founding of the Ultimate
Fighting Championship. Based on finding the most effective
martial arts for real, unarmed combat situations,
competitors of various arts were pitted against one
another with minimal rules or concern for safety.
In the following decade, MMA promoters adopted many
additional rules aimed at increasing safety for competitors
and to promote mainstream acceptance of the sport.[citation
needed] Following these changes, the sport has seen
increased popularity while promoters have seen financial
success to rival other combat sports, including boxing.
techniques utilized in mixed martial arts competition
generally fall into two categories: striking techniques
(such as kicks, knees and punches) and grappling techniques
(such as clinch holds, pinning holds, submission holds,
sweeps, takedowns and throws). As mixed martial arts
has no international sanctioning body, rules may vary
between promotions. While the legality of some techniques
(such as elbow strikes, headbutts and spinal locks)
may vary, there is a near universal ban on techniques
such as biting, strikes to the groin, eye-gouging,
fish-hooking and small joint manipulation.
in a match is normally gained either by the judges'
decision after an allotted amount of time has elapsed,
a stoppage by the referee (for example if a competitor
can not defend himself intelligently) or the fight
doctor (due to an injury), a submission, by a competitor's
cornerman throwing in the towel, or by knockout.
was thought that Olympic recognition would be forthcoming
for the 2004 Summer Olympics, held in Athens, under
the banner of pankration. However, the International
Olympic Committee was unconvinced that Greece could
handle the total number of sports proposed. To placate
the IOC, the organizers removed all new medal sports
and pankration was excluded.
of the earliest forms of widespread unarmed combat
sports with minimal rules was Greek pankration, which
was introduced into the Olympic Games in 648 B.C.
Even as late as the Early Middle Ages, statues were
put up in Rome and other cities to honour remarkable
events reportedly took place in the late 1800s when
wrestlers representing a huge range of fighting styles
including various catch wrestling styles, Greco-Roman
wrestling and many others met in tournaments and music-hall
challenge matches throughout Europe. The first major
encounter between a boxer and a wrestler in modern
times took place in 1887 when John L. Sullivan, then
heavyweight world boxing champion, entered the ring
with his trainer, Greco-Roman wrestling champion William
Muldoon, and was slammed to the mat in two minutes.
The next publicized encounter occurred in the late
1890s when future heavyweight boxing champion Bob
Fitzsimmons took on European Greco-Roman wrestling
champion Ernest Roeber. Reportedly, Roeber suffered
a fractured cheekbone in this bout, but was able to
get Fitzsimmons down on the mat, where he applied
an armlock and made the boxer submit. In 1936, heavyweight
boxing contender Kingfish Levinsky and veteran professional
wrestler Ray Steele competed in a mixed match, which
Steele won in 35 seconds.
early example of mixed martial arts combat was the
martial art of Bartitsu, founded in London in 1899,
which was the first martial art known to have combined
Asian and European fighting styles, and which saw
MMA-style contests throughout England, pitting European
and Japanese champions against representatives of
various European wrestling styles.
style contests such as boxing vs. jujutsu were popular
entertainment throughout Europe, Japan and the Pacific
Rim during the early 1900s. In Japan these
contests were known as Merikan, from the Japanese
slang for "American [fighting]". Merikan
contests were fought under a variety of rules including
points decision, best of three throws or knockdowns,
and victory via knockout or submission.
wrestling died out after World War I and was reborn
in two streams: "shoot", in which the fighters
actually competed, and "show," which evolved
into modern sports entertainment professional wrestling.
history of modern MMA competition can be traced to
mixed style contests throughout Europe, Japan and
the Pacific Rim during the early 1900s; the Gracie
family's vale tudo martial arts tournaments in Brazil
starting in the 1920s; and early mixed martial arts
matches hosted by Antonio Inoki in Japan in the 1970s.
The sport gained international exposure and widespread
publicity in the United States in 1993, when Brazilian
Jiu-Jitsu fighter Royce Gracie handily won the first
Ultimate Fighting Championship tournament, submitting
three challengers in just five minutes, sparking a
revolution in the martial arts. Meanwhile in Japan
the continued interest in the sport resulted in the
creation of the PRIDE Fighting Championships in 1997.
movement that led to the creation of the UFC and PRIDE
was rooted in two interconnected subcultures. First
were the vale tudo events in Brazil, followed by the
Japanese shoot wrestling shows. Vale tudo began in
the 1920s with the "Gracie challenge" issued
by Carlos Gracie and Hélio Gracie and upheld
later on by descendants of the Gracie family. In Japan
in the 1970s, a series of mixed martial arts matches
were hosted by Antonio Inoki, inspiring the shoot-style
movement in Japanese professional wrestling, which
eventually led to the formation of the first mixed
martial arts organizations, such as Shooto, which
was formed in 1985. The concept of combining the elements
of multiple martial arts was pioneered and popularized
by Bruce Lee in the late 1960's to early 1970's. Lee
believed that "the best fighter is not a Boxer,
Karate or Judo man. The best fighter is someone who
can adapt to any style." His innovative concepts
were recognized in 2004 by UFC President Dana White
when he called Lee the "father of mixed martial
United States Army began to sanction Mixed Martial
arts when the US Army Combatives School held the first
annual All Army Combatives Championships in Nov 2005.
sport reached a new peak of popularity in North America
in the December 2006 rematch between then UFC light
heavyweight champion Chuck Liddell and former champion
Tito Ortiz, rivaling the PPV sales of some of the
biggest boxing events of all time, and helping the
UFC's 2006 PPV gross surpass that of any promotion
in PPV history. In 2007, Zuffa LLC, the owners of
the UFC MMA promotion, bought Japanese rival MMA brand
PRIDE, merging the contracted fighters under one promotion
and drawing comparisons to the consolidation that
occurred in other sports, such as the AFL-NFL Merger
in American football. (CreditL